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Aridification driven diversification of fan-throated lizards from the Indian subcontinent

Deepak, V and Karanth, Praveen (2018) Aridification driven diversification of fan-throated lizards from the Indian subcontinent. In: MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION, 120 . pp. 53-62.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.11.016

Abstract

The establishment of monsoon climate and the consequent aridification has been one of the most important climate change episodes in the Indian subcontinent. However, little is known about how these events might have shaped the diversification patterns among the widely distributed taxa. Fan-throated lizards (FTL) (Genus: Sitana, Sarada) are widespread, diurnal and restricted to the semi-arid zones of the Indian subcontinent. We sampled FTL in 107 localities across its range. We used molecular species delimitation method and delineated 15 species including six putative species. Thirteen of them were distinguishable based on morphology but two sister species were indistinguishable and have minor overlaps in distribution. Five fossils were used to calibrate and date the phylogeny. Diversification of fan-throated lizards lineage started similar to 18 mya and higher lineage diversification was observed after 11 my. The initial diversification corresponds to the time when monsoon climate was established and the latter was a period of intensification of monsoon and initiation of aridification. Thirteen out of the fifteen FTL species delimited are from Peninsular India; this is probably due to the landscape heterogeneity in this region. The species poor sister genus Otocryptis is paraphyletic and probably represents relict lineages which are now confined to forested areas. Thus, the seasonality led changes in habitat, from forests to open habitats appear to have driven diversification of fan-throated lizards.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for the article belong to ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE, 525 B ST, STE 1900, SAN DIEGO, CA 92101-4495 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2018 18:29
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2018 18:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/59235

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