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Nonmodal energy growth and optimal perturbations in compressible plane Couette flow

Malik, M and Alam, Meheboob and Dey, J (2006) Nonmodal energy growth and optimal perturbations in compressible plane Couette flow. In: Physics of Fluids, 18 (3). 034103-1.

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Abstract

Nonmodal transient growth studies and an estimation of optimal perturbations have been made for the compressible plane Couette flow with three-dimensional disturbances. The steady mean flow is characterized by a nonuniform shear rate and a varying temperature across the wall-normal direction for an appropriate perfect gas model. The maximum amplification of perturbation energy over time, $G_m_a_x$, is found to increase with increasing Reynolds number Re, but decreases with increasing Mach number M. More specifically, the optimal energy amplification $G_o_p_t$ (the supremum of $G_m_a_x$ over both the streamwise and spanwise wave numbers) is maximum in the incompressible limit and decreases monotonically as M increases. The corresponding optimal streamwise wave number, $\alpha_o_p_t$, is nonzero at M=0, increases with increasing M, reaching a maximum for some value of M and then decreases, eventually becoming zero at high Mach numbers. While the pure streamwise vortices are the optimal patterns at high Mach numbers (in contrast to incompressible Couette flow), the modulated streamwise vortices are the optimal patterns for low-to-moderate values of the Mach number. Unlike in incompressible shear flows, the streamwise-independent modes in the present flow do not follow the scaling law G(t/Re)~Re2, the reasons for which are shown to be tied to the dominance of some terms (related to density and temperature fluctuations) in the linear stability operator. Based on a detailed nonmodal energy analysis, we show that the transient energy growth occurs due to the transfer of energy from the mean flow to perturbations via an inviscid algebraic instability. The decrease of transient growth with an increasing Mach number is also shown to be tied to the decrease in the energy transferred from the mean flow $(\xi_1)$ in the same limit. The sharp decay of the viscous eigenfunctions with increasing Mach number is responsible for the decrease of $\xi_1$ for the present mean flow.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/6347

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