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Multialkali phosphate glasses: A new window to understand the mechanism of ion transport

Rao, KJ and Kumar, Sundeep (2003) Multialkali phosphate glasses: A new window to understand the mechanism of ion transport. In: Current Science, 85 (7). pp. 945-955.

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Abstract

Alkali metaphosphate glasses containing two and three alkalis have been prepared by melt- quenching method over a wide range of compositions. Several properties of these glasses such as density, molar volume, glass transition temperature, heat capacity jump and NMR chemical shift of $^{31}P$, $^{23}Na$ and $^7Li$ nuclei have been measured. Transport properties have been studied over a wide range of frequency and temperature. Mixed alkali effect (MAE), which manifests in three alkalicontaining glasses is found to be complex. Arrhenius plots of d.c. conductivities are characterized by two slopes and a.c. conductivities display two power-law regimes with two characteristic s values. The imaginary part of the electric modulus exhibits a unique twopeak relaxation behaviour and the peaks merge at higher temperatures. This is first time such a behaviour has been observed in a.c. conductivity and dielectric relaxation of glasses. A new mechanism has been proposed to understand ion transport in oxide glasses, which rationalizes all the observations made in the trialkali phosphate system examined here.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The Copyright belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/6378

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