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Complete breakdown of the Debye model of rotational relaxation near the isotropic-nematic phase boundary: Effects of intermolecular correlations in orientational dynamics

Jose, Prasanth P and Chakrabarti, Dwaipayan and Bagchi, Biman (2006) Complete breakdown of the Debye model of rotational relaxation near the isotropic-nematic phase boundary: Effects of intermolecular correlations in orientational dynamics. In: Physical Review E: Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, 73 (3). 031705-1.

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Abstract

The Debye-Stokes-Einstein (DSE) model of rotational diffusion predicts that the orientational correlation times $\tau_/$ vary as $[/(/+1)]^-^1$, where l is the rank of the orientational time correlation function (given in terms of the Legendre polynomial of rank l). One often finds significant deviation from this prediction, in either direction. In supercooled molecular liquids where the ratio $\tau_1/\tau_2$ falls considerably below 3 (the Debye limit), one usually invokes a jump diffusion model to explain the approach of the ratio $\tau_1/\tau_2$ to unity. Here we show in a computer simulation study of a standard model system for thermotropic liquid crystals that this ratio becomes much less than unity as the isotropic-nematic phase boundary is approached from the isotropic side. Simultaneously, the ratio $\tau_2/\eta,\eta$, being the shear viscosity of the liquid, becomes much larger than the hydrodynamic value near the I-N transition. We also analyze the breakdown of the Debye model of rotational diffusion in ratios of higher order orientational correlation times. We show that the breakdown of the DSE model is due to the growth of orientational pair correlation and provide a mode coupling theory analysis to explain the results.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: At present DOI is not working. Copyright of this article belongs to The American Physical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/6472

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