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Model for dynamics of inhomogeneous and bulk fluids

Krishnan, SH and Ayappa, KG (2006) Model for dynamics of inhomogeneous and bulk fluids. In: The Journal of Chemical Physics, 124 (14). 144503-1-144503-16.

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Abstract

An accurate model for the density of states (DOS) for strongly inhomogeneous and bulk fluids has been proposed based on $\gamma$ distributions. The contribution to the density of states from the collective dynamics is modeled as an incomplete $\gamma$ distribution and the high frequency region is obtained from the solution of the memory equation using a sech memory kernel. Using only the frequency moments as input, the model parameters for the collective dynamics are obtained by matching moments of the resulting distribution. The model results in an analytical expression for the self-diffusivity of the fluid. We present results for soft sphere fluids confined in slit-shaped pores as well as bulk soft sphere liquids. Comparisons of the DOS, velocity autocorrelation functions, and memory kernels with molecular dynamics simulations reveal that the model predicts features in the DOS over the entire frequency range and is able to capture changes in the DOS as a function of fluid density and temperature. As a result the predicted VACFs, memory kernels, and self-diffusivities are accurately predicted over a wide range of conditions. Since the frequency moments for bulk liquids can be obtained from pair correlation functions, our method provides a direct route from fluid structure to dynamics. For fluids confined in slit-shaped pores, where the frequency moments are obtained from molecular dynamics simulations, the predicted self-diffusivities capture the resulting oscillations due to variations in the solvation pressure, and in the case of smooth walled pores, the predictions are superior to those obtained using kinetic theory.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 09 May 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/6587

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