# Synthesis and Structure of Nanocrystalline $TiO_2$ with Lower Band Gap Showing High Photocatalytic Activity

Nagaveni, K and Hegde, MS and Ravishankar, N and Subbanna, GN and Madras, Giridhar (2004) Synthesis and Structure of Nanocrystalline $TiO_2$ with Lower Band Gap Showing High Photocatalytic Activity. In: Langmuir, 20 (7). pp. 2900-2907.

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## Abstract

Nanocrystalline $TiO_2$ was synthesized by the solution combustion method using titanyl nitrate and various fuels such as glycine, hexamethylenetetramine, and oxalyldihydrazide. These catalysts are active under visible light, have optical absorption wavelengths below 600 nm, and show superior photocatalytic activity for the degradation of methylene blue and phenol under UV and solar conditions compared to commercial $TiO_2,$ Degussa P-25. The higher photocatalytic activity is attributed to the structure of the catalyst. Various studies such as X-ray diffraction,Ramanspectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area, thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy, NMR, UV-vis spectroscopy, and surface acidity measurements were conducted. It was concluded that the primary factor for the enhanced activity of combustion-synthesized catalyst is a larger amount of surface hydroxyl groups and a lowered band gap. The lower band gap can be attributed to the carbon inclusion into the $TiO_2$ giving $TiO_{2-2x}C_x V^{\cdot\cdot}_{O2} .$

Item Type: Journal Article The copyrighjt belongs to American Chemical Society. Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research CentreDivision of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry UnitDivision of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering 27 May 2006 19 Sep 2010 04:27 http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/6975