Sivalingam, G and Madras, Giridhar (2004) Modeling of Lipase Catalyzed Ring-Opening Polymerization of $\epsilon$-Caprolactone. In: Biomacromolecules, 5 (2). pp. 603-609.
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Enzymatic ring-opening polymerization of $\epsilon$-caprolactone by various lipases was investigated in toluene at various temperatures. The determination of molecular weight and structural identification was carried out with gel permeation chromatography and proton NMR, respectively. Among the various lipases employed, an immobilized lipase from Candida antartica B (Novozym 435) showed the highest catalytic activity. The polymerization of $\epsilon$ - caprolactone by Novozym 435 showed an optimal temperature of 65°C and an optimum toluene content of 50/50 v/v of toluene and $\epsilon$ - caprolactone. As lipases can degrade polyesters, a maximum in the molecular weight with time was obtained due to the competition of ring opening polymerization and degradation by specific chain end scission. The optimum temperature, toluene content, and the variation of molecular weight with time are consistent with earlier observations. A comprehensive model based on continuous distribution kinetics was developed to model these phenomena. The model accounts for simultaneous polymerization, degradation and enzyme deactivation and provides a technique to determine the rate coefficients for these processes. The dependence of these rate coefficients with temperature and monomer concentration is also discussed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||The copyright belongs to American Chemical Society.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering|
|Date Deposited:||21 Nov 2007|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 04:28|
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