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Studies on turbulent momentum, heat and species transport during binary alloy solidification in a top-cooled rectangular cavity

Chakraborty, S and Chakraborty, N and Kumar, P and Dutta, P (2003) Studies on turbulent momentum, heat and species transport during binary alloy solidification in a top-cooled rectangular cavity. In: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 46 (7). pp. 1115-1137.

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Abstract

A two-dimensional transient fixed-grid enthalpy-based numerical method is developed to analyze the effects of turbulent transport during a binary alloy solidification process. Turbulence effects are introduced through standard k–4$\xi$ equations, where coefficients are appropriately modified to account for phase-change. Microscopically-consistent estimates are made regarding temperature-solute coupling in a non-equilibrium solidification situation. The model is tested against laboratory experiments performed using an $4NH_4Cl-H_2O$ system in a rectangular cavity cooled and solidified from the top. Particular emphasis is laid on studying the interaction between Rayleigh–Benard type convection and directional solidification in the presence of turbulent transport. Numerical predictions are subsequently compared with experimental results regarding flow patterns, interface growth and evolution of the temperature field, and the agreement is found to be good.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/7349

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