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Phase relations in the system Cu-La-O and thermodynamic properties of $CuLaO_2$ and $CuLa_2O_4$

Jacob, KT and Jayadevan, KP (2002) Phase relations in the system Cu-La-O and thermodynamic properties of $CuLaO_2$ and $CuLa_2O_4$. In: Journal of Materials Science, 37 (8). pp. 1611-1620.

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Abstract

Phase relations in the system Cu-La-O at 1200 K have been determined by equilibrating samples of different average composition at 1200 K, and phase analysis of quenched samples using optical microscopy, XRD, SEM and EDX. The equilibration experiments were conducted in evacuated ampoules, and under flowing inert gas and pure oxygen. There is only one stable binary oxide $La_2O_3$ along the binary La-O, and two oxides $Cu_2O$ and CuO along the binary Cu-O. The Cu-La alloys were found to be in equilibrium with $La_2O_3$. Two ternary oxides $CuLaO_2$ and $CuLa_2O_4_+{\delta}$ were found to be stable. The value of \delta varies from close to zero at the dissociation partial pressure of oxygen to 0.12 at 0.1 MPa. The ternary oxide $CuLaO_2$, with copper in monovalent state, coexisted with Cu, $Cu_2O$, $La_2O_3$, and/or $CuLa_2O_4_+{\delta}$ in different phase fields. The compound $CuLa_2O_4_+{\delta}$, with copper in divalent state, equilibrated with Cu2O, CuO, $Cu_2O$, $La_2O_3$, and/or O2 gas under different conditions at 1200 K. Thermodynamic properties of the ternary oxides were determined using three solid-state cells based on yttria-stabilized zirconia as the electrolyte in the temperature range from 875 K to 1250 K. The cells essentially measure the oxygen chemical potential in the three-phase fields, Cu + $La_2O_3$ + $CuL_2O$, $Cu_2O$ + $CuLaO_2$ + $CuLa_2O_4$ and $La_2O_3$ + $CuLaO_2$ + $CuLa_2O_4$. Although measurements on two cells were sufficient for deriving thermodynamic properties of the two ternary oxides, the third cell was used for independent verification of the derived data. The Gibbs energy of formation of the ternary oxides from their component binary oxides can be represented as a function of temperature by the equations:

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/7432

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