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Grain size-dependent electrical transport properties in $La_{0.75}Sr_{0.25}Mn_{1-x}Mg_xO_3\pm \delta$ ceramics

Kutty, TRN and Philip, John (2002) Grain size-dependent electrical transport properties in $La_{0.75}Sr_{0.25}Mn_{1-x}Mg_xO_3\pm \delta$ ceramics. In: Materials Research Bulletin, 37 (1). pp. 33-48.

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Abstract

The role of GB in Mg-substituted lanthanum-strontium manganite ceramics is studied with microstructural details. At higher concentrations of Mg (x>0.05), where the average grain size is $\sim$1 μm, the M–I transition is shifted from 348 to 110 K. Annealing in lower $pO_2 (10^ - ^6 atm)$ at 1375 K for 1 h obliterates the M–I transition and brings in insulating behaviour throughout the temperature of measurement. Re-annealing in oxygen atmosphere for 10–25 min reintroduces the M–I transition, indicating that the electrical transport properties depend on the chemical inhomogeneity introduced by the in- or out-diffusion of oxygen through the GB regions. Samples with larger grain size ($\sim$35 μm) do not exhibit major modifications in electrical resistivity on annealing in different $pO_2$. The insulating manganites display non-linear J–E characteristics below the magnetic transition temperature at electric field strengths <50 V/cm. The non-linear behaviour is explained on the basis of the inelastic tunnelling through the multiple localised states in the insulating GB regions. The external magnetic field lowers the voltage at which the non-linearity sets in. The tunnelling therefore may be not only through independent defect centres of oxygen vacancies $(V_O)$, but possibly from defect complexes such as $Mn^3^+ – V_O$ or $Mn^2^+ – V_O$, where spin-dependent tunnelling can take place.

Item Type: Journal Article Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier. A. Electronic materials;D. Electrical properties;D. Magnetic properties Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre 02 Jun 2006 19 Sep 2010 04:29 http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/7493