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Role of osmotic suction in swelling of salt-amended clays

Rao, Sudhakar M and Shivananda, P (2005) Role of osmotic suction in swelling of salt-amended clays. In: Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 42 (1). pp. 307-315.

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Abstract

The present study examines the influence of extraneous salt addition on pore-fluid osmotic suction of a clay soil. The dependence of swell potentials of the salt-amended clay specimens on initial pore-fluid osmotic suction is also examined. The osmotic suctions predicted by Van’t Hoff’s equation are in excess or smaller than the values calculated from the pore water electrical conductivity, depending on whether the Van’t Hoff factor in the Van’t Hoff equation is included or not. Experimental results suggest that the salt-amended specimens absorbed water and swelled in response to matric suction and chemical concentration gradients on inundation with water in oedometer cells. Salt also diffused from the soil pores of salt-amended specimens to the reservoir water in oedometer cells in response to chemical concentration gradients. Reduction in effective stress from osmotic flow into the soil specimen and increase in interparticle repulsion from reduction in pore-water salt concentration rendered the total swell potentials of saltamended specimens independent of initial pore-fluid osmotic suction. The initial pre-fluid osmotic suction does, however, significantly affect the rate of swelling.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to National Research Council.
Keywords: Clays;Chemical properties;Swell potential;Suction
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 May 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/8650

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