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Reversible Crystal Growth-Dissolution and Aggregation Breakage: Numerical and Moment Solutions for Population Balance Equations

Madras, Giridhar and McCoy, Benjamin J (2004) Reversible Crystal Growth-Dissolution and Aggregation Breakage: Numerical and Moment Solutions for Population Balance Equations. In: Powder Technology, 143-14 . pp. 297-307.

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Abstract

A general population balance equation (PBE) is proposed to describe combined monomer addition and dissociation (growth and dissolution) and aggregation and fragmentation. The reversible distribution kinetics has applications to a range of natural and manufacturing phenomena, including crystal growth or dissolution with agglomeration and/or breakage. A numerical solution to the PBE shows the evolution to a steady-state crystal size. The model allows assessment of various parameters, such as the fragmentation kernel, initial particle size distribution, and the aggregation rate. Interfacial energy, through the Gibbs–Thomson effect, has a strong influence on crystal growth–dissolution and denucleation of subcritical nuclei. The denucleation rate as a function of breakage rate coefficient was found to follow a power-law relationship.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this artile belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Population balance equations;Agglomeration;Breakage;Crystallization;Ostwald ripening;Denucleation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/9114

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