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Iwasawa decomposition in first-order optics: universal treatment of shape-invariant propagation for coherent and partially coherent beams.

Simon, R and Mukunda, N (1998) Iwasawa decomposition in first-order optics: universal treatment of shape-invariant propagation for coherent and partially coherent beams. In: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A.-Optics,Image Science,and Vision, 15 (8). 2146-2155.

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Abstract

We present the Iwasawa decomposition theorem for the group ${\rm Sp}(2, R)$ in a form particularly suited to first-order optics, and we exploit it to develop a uniform description of the shape-invariant propagation of several families of optical beams. Both coherent and partially coherent beams are considered. We analyze the Hermite-Gaussian beam as an example of the fully coherent case. For the partially coherent case, we treat the Gaussian Schell model beams and the recently discovered twisted Gaussian Schell model beams, both of which are axially symmetric, and also the axially nonsymmetric Gori-Guattari beams. The key observation is that by judicious choice of a free-scale parameter available in the Iwasawa decomposition, appropriately in each case, the one potentially nontrivial factor in the decomposition can be made to act trivially. Invariants of the propagation process are discussed. Shape-invariant propagation is shown to be equivalent to invariance under fractional Fourier transformation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Optical Society of America.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Theoretical Studies
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2004
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2012 08:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/934

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