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Characterization of the N-linked oligosaccharides from human chorionic gonadotropin expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris

Blanchard, Veronique and Gadkari, Rupali A and Gerwig, Gerrit J and Leeflang, Bas R and Dighe, Rajan R and Kamerling, Johannis P (2007) Characterization of the N-linked oligosaccharides from human chorionic gonadotropin expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. In: Glycoconjugate Journal, 24 (1). pp. 33-47.

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Abstract

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a heterodimeric, placental glycoprotein hormone involved in the maintenance of the corpus luteum during the first trimester of pregnancy. Biologically active hCG has been successfully expressed in the yeast Pichia pastoris (phCG). In the context of structural studies and therapeutic applications of (phCG), detailed information about its glycosylation pattern is a prerequisite. To this end N-glycans were released with peptide-$N^4$-(N-acetyl-\beta-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase F and fractionated via anion-exchange hromatography (Resource Q) yielding both neutral (80%) and charged, phosphate-containing (20%) high-mannosetype structures. Subfractionations were carried out via normal phase $(Lichrosorb-NH_2)$ and high-pH anion-exchange (CarboPac PA-1) chromatography. Structural analyses of the released N-glycans were carried out by using HPLC profiling of fluorescent 2-aminobenzamide derivatives, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, and 500-MHz $^1H-NMR$ spectroscopy. Detailed neutral oligosaccharide structures, in the range of $Man_8GlcNAc_2$ to $Man_{11}GlcNAc_2$ including molecular isomers, could be established, and structures up to $Man_{15}GlcNAc_2$ were indicated. Phosphatecontaining oligosaccharides ranged from $Man_9PGlcNAc_2$ to $Man_{13}PGlcNAc_2$. Mannosyl O-glycans were not detected. Profiling studies carried out on different production batches showed that the oligosaccharide structures are similar, but their relative amounts varied with the culturing media.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Glycosylation;Pichia pastoris;Human chorionic gonadotropin;High-mannose-type N-glycans;Phosphorylation
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics (formed by the merger of DBGL and CRBME)
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/9381

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