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High rates of NO and $N_2O$ reduction by CO, CO and hydrocarbon oxidation by $O_2$ over nano crystalline $Ce_{0.98}Pd_{0.02}O_{2-\delta}$: Catalytic and kinetic studies

Roy, Sounak and Marimuthu, A and Hegde, MS and Madras, Giridhar (2007) High rates of NO and $N_2O$ reduction by CO, CO and hydrocarbon oxidation by $O_2$ over nano crystalline $Ce_{0.98}Pd_{0.02}O_{2-\delta}$: Catalytic and kinetic studies. In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 71 (1-2). pp. 23-31.

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Abstract

The catalyst $Ce_{0.98}Pd_{0.02}O_{2-\delta}$ was synthesized by combustion synthesis method and characterized by XRD and XPS. The three way catalytic activity of this catalyst was investigated by performing NO+CO reaction and CO and hydrocarbon oxidation. The rates and the apparent activation energies of the reaction for NO reduction by CO and CO and hydrocarbon oxidation were determined and the rates were higher than the reported values. The $N_2$ selectivity in NO+CO reaction was around 80%all over the temperature region and showed complete selectivity at high temperatures. A reaction mechanism of NO+CO reaction was proposed and the experimental findings were verified with the predicted model. The high rates of the NO+CO reactions even in the presence of oxygen and the complete selectivity to the products are rationalized by the high dissociative chemisorption of adsorbed NO over the catalyst, which is for the vacant sites in $CeO_2$ lattice due to presence of $Pd^{2+}$ in $Ce^{4+}$ position. The catalyst also showed high rates and lower activation energies for the oxidation of CO and hydrocarbons.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Three way catalyst;Hydrocarbon oxidation;CO+NO reaction;Kinetic models.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/9418

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