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Importance of Uracil DNA Glycosylase in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Mycobacterium smegmatis, G+C-rich Bacteria, in Mutation Prevention, Tolerance to Acidified Nitrite, and Endurance in Mouse Macrophages

Venkatesh, Jeganathan and Kumar, Pradeep and Sai Murali Krishna, Pulukuri and Manjunath, Ramanathapuram and Varshney, Umesh (2003) Importance of Uracil DNA Glycosylase in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Mycobacterium smegmatis, G+C-rich Bacteria, in Mutation Prevention, Tolerance to Acidified Nitrite, and Endurance in Mouse Macrophages. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278 (27). pp. 24350-24358.

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Abstract

Uracil DNA glycosylase (Ung (or UDG)) initiates the excision repair of an unusual base, uracil, in DNA. Ung is a highly conserved protein found in all organisms. Paradoxically, loss of this evolutionarily conserved enzyme has not been seen to result in severe growth phenotypes in the cellular life forms. In this study, we chose G+C-rich genome ontaining bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Mycobacterium smegmatis) as model organisms to investigate the biological significance of ung. Ung deficiency was created either by expression of a highly specific inhibitor protein, Ugi, and/or by targeted disruption of the ung gene. We show that abrogation of Ung activity in P. aeruginosa and M. smegmatis confers upon them an increased mutator phenotype and sensitivity to reactive nitrogen intermediates generated by acidified nitrite. Also, in a mouse macrophage infection model, P. aeruginosa $(Ung^-)$ shows a significant decrease in its survival. Infections of the macrophages with M. smegmatis show an initial increase in the bacterial counts that remain for up to 48 h before a decline. Interestingly, abrogation of Ung activity in M. smegmatis results in nearly a total abolition of their multiplication and a much-decreased residency in macrophages stimulated with interferon \gamma. These observations suggest Ung as a useful target to control growth of G+C-rich bacteria.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/9752

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