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Interlaminar stresses in laminated composite plates, cylindrical/spherical shell panels damaged by low-velocity impact

Ganapathy, S and Rao, KP (1997) Interlaminar stresses in laminated composite plates, cylindrical/spherical shell panels damaged by low-velocity impact. In: Composite Structures, 38 (1-4). pp. 157-168.

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Abstract

Prediction of damage caused by low-velocity impact in laminated composite plate cylindrical/spherical shell panels is an important problem faced by designers using composites. Not only the in-plane stresses but also the interlaminar normal and shear stresses play a role in estimating the damage caused. The work reported here is an effort in getting better predictions of damage in composite plate cylindrical/spherical shell panels subjected to low velocity impact. The low-velocity impact problem is treated as a quasi-static problem. First, the in-plane stresses are calculated by 2-D nonlinear finite element analysis using a 48 degrees of freedom laminated composite shell element. The damage analysis is then carried out using a Tsai-Wu quadratic failure criterion and a maximum stress criteria. Interlaminar normal and shear stresses are predicted after taking into account the in-plane damage caused by low velocity impact. The interlaminar stresses are obtained by integrating the 3-D equations of equilibrium through the thickness. The deformed geometry is taken into account in the third equation of equilibrium (in the thickness direction). After evaluating the formulation and the computer program developed for correctness, the interlaminar stresses are predicted for composite plates/shell panels which are damaged by low-velocity impact

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/9976

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