ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Browse by Author

Up a level
Export as [feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0
Group by: Item Type | No Grouping
Number of items: 339.

Conference Paper

Gowd, KH and Sabareesh, V and Sudarslal, S and Iengar, P and Franklin, B and Fernando, A and Dewand, K and Ramaswami, M and Sarma, SP and Sikdar, S and Balaram, P and Krishnan, KS (2005) Novel peptides of therapeutic promise from Indian Conidae. In: 1st International Conference on Natural Products and Molecular Medicine, JAN 13-15, 2005, Univ Cape Town.

Balaram, P (1993) The Design and Construction of Synthetic Protein Mimics. In: INTERNATIONAL SYMP ON ENZYMES IN ORGANIC SYNTHESIS, JAN 06-09, 1992 , NEW DELHI, INDIA.

Journal Article

Kalmankar, Neha V and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (2014) Sparsely populated residue conformations in protein structures: Revisiting ``experimental'' Ramachandran maps. In: PROTEINS-STRUCTURE FUNCTION AND BIOINFORMATICS, 82 (7). pp. 1101-1112.

Vasudev, Prema G and Banerjee, Mousumi and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (2012) Asparagine and glutamine differ in their propensities to form specific side chain-backbone hydrogen bonded motifs in proteins. In: Proteins: Structure, Function, and Genetics, 80 (4). pp. 991-1002.

Banerjee, Mousumi and Balaram, Hemalatha and Joshi, NV and Balaram, P (2011) Engineered dimer interface mutants of triosephosphate isomerase: the role of inter-subunit interactions in enzyme function and stability. In: Protein Engineering Design and Selection, 24 (5). pp. 463-472.

Kantharaju, * and Raghothama, S and Aravinda, S and Shamala, N and Balaram, P (2010) Helical Conformations of Hexapeptides Containing N-Terminus Diproline Segments. In: Biopolymers, 94 (3). pp. 360-370.

Thakur, SS and Deepalakshmi, PD and Gayathri, P and Banerjee, M and Murthy, MRN and Balaram, P (2009) Detection of the protein dimers, multiple monomeric states and hydrated forms of Plasmodium falciparum triosephosphate isomerase in the gas phase. In: Protein Engineering Design & Selection, 22 (5). pp. 289-304.

Balaram, P (2009) The Indian Institute of Science: Reflections on a Century. In: Current science, 96 (10). pp. 1404-1411.

Gayathri, P and Banerjee, Mousumi and Vijayalakshmi, A and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P and Murthy, MRN (2009) Biochemical and structural characterization of residue 96 mutants of Plasmodium falciparum triosephosphate isomerase: active-site loop conformation, hydration and identification of a dimer-interface ligand-binding site. In: Acta Crystallographica Section D-Biological Crystallography, 65 (8). pp. 847-857.

Hegde, RP and Aravinda, S and Rai, R and Kaul, R and Vijayalakshmi, S and Rao, RB and Shamala, N and Balaram, P (2008) Conformation of di-n-propylglycine residues (Dpg) in peptides: crystal structures of a type I 'beta-turn forming tetrapeptide and an alpha-helical tetradecapeptide. In: Journal of Peptide Science, 141 (5). pp. 648-659.

Saikumari, YK and Balaram, P (2008) An internally quenched fluorescent substrate for collagenase. In: Peptide Science, 90 (2). pp. 131-137.

Tendulkar, SR and Saikumari, YK and Patel, V and Raghotama, S and Munshi, TK and Balaram, P and Chattoo, BB (2007) Isolation, purification and characterization of an antifungal molecule produced by Bacillus licheniformis BC98, and its effect on phytopathogen Magnaporthe grisea. In: Journal of Applied Microbiology, 103 (6). pp. 2331-2339.

Chatterjee, Sunanda and Roy, Rituparna Sinha and Balaram, P (2007) Expanding the polypeptide backbone: hydrogen-bonded conformations in hybrid polypeptides containing the higher homologues of alpha-amino acids. In: JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 4 (15). pp. 587-606.

Sabareesh, V and Ranganayaki, RS and Raghothama, Srinivasarao and Bopanna, MP and Balaram, Hemalatha and Srinivasan, MC and Balaram, P (2007) Identification and characterization of a library of microheterogeneous cyclohexadepsipeptides from the fungus Isaria. In: Journal of Natural Products, 70 (5). pp. 715-729.

Gayathri, P and Banerjee, Mousumi and Vijayalakshmi, A and Azeez, Shamina and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P and Murthy, MRN (2007) Structure of triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) from Methanocaldococcus jannaschii. In: Acta Crystallographica Section D-Biological Crystallography, 63 (2). pp. 206-220.

Krishnan, Riki and Balaram, P (2007) Current Science: Some early history. In: Current Science, 92 (1). pp. 129-138.

Sabareesh, V and Gowd, Hanumae K and Ramasamy, P and Sudarslal, S and Krishnan, KS and Sikdar, SK and Balaram, P (2006) Characterization of contryphans from Conus loroisii and Conus amadis that target calcium channels. In: Peptides, 27 (11). pp. 2647-2654.

Mahalakshmi, R and Sengupta, A and Raghothama, S and Shamala, N and Balaram, P (2005) Tryptophan-containing peptide helices: interactions involving the indole side chain. In: Journal of Peptide Research, 66 (5). pp. 277-296.

Balaram, P (2005) Budget Reflections. In: Current Science, 88 (5). pp. 673-674.

Sengupta, A and Mahalakshmi, R and Shamala, N and Balaram, P (2005) Aromatic interactions in tryptophan-containing peptides: crystal structures of model tryptophan peptides and phenylalanine analogs. In: The Journal of Peptide Research, 65 (1). pp. 113-129.

Roy, Rituparna S and Karle, Isabella L and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (2004) $\alpha,\beta$hybrid peptides:a polypeptide helix with a central segment containing two consecutive $\beta$-amino acid residues. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101 (47). pp. 16478-16482.

Balaram, P (2004) Anil Lala (1950–2004). In: Protein Science, 13 (10). pp. 2571-2572.

Eaazhisai, K and Balaram, H and Balaram, P and Murthy, MRN (2004) Structures of Unliganded and Inhibitor Complexes of W168F, a Loop6 Hinge Mutant of Plasmodium falciparum Triosephosphate Isomerase: Observation of an Intermediate Position of Loop6. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 343 (3). pp. 671-684.

Balaram, P (2004) Anil Kumar Lala (1950–2004). In: Current Science, 87 (3). p. 396.

Roy, RS and Balaram, P (2004) Conformational properties of hybrid peptides containing a- and w-amino acids. In: Journal of Peptide Research, 63 (3). pp. 279-289.

Karle, IL and Prasad, S and Balaram, P (2004) A combined extended and helical backbone for Boc-(Ala-Leu-Ac(7)c-)(2)-OMe. In: Journal of Peptide Research, The, 63 (2). pp. 175-180.

Datta, Saumen and Rathore, RNS and Vijayalakshmi, S and Vasudev, Prema G and Rao, Balaji R and Balaram, P and Shamala, N (2004) Peptide helices with pendant cycloalkane rings. Characterization of conformations of 1-aminocyclooctane-1 carboxylic acid $(Ac_8c)$ residues in peptides. In: Journal of Peptide Science, 10 (3). pp. 160-172.

Aravinda, S and Shamala, N and Roy, Rituparna S and Balaram, P (2003) Non-protein amino acids in peptide design. In: Journal of Chemical Sciences, 115 (5 & 6). pp. 373-400.

Sudarslal, S and Majumdar, Sriparna and Ramasamy, P and Dhawan, Ritu and Pal, Prajna P and Ramaswami, Mani and Lala, Anil K and Sikdar, SK and Sarma, Siddhartha P and Krishnan, KS and Balaram, P (2003) Sodium channel modulating activity in a delta-conotoxin from an Indian marine snail. In: FEBS Letters, 553 (1-2). pp. 209-212.

Ananda, K and Aravinda, S and Vasudev, Prema G and Raja, Muruga Poopathi K and Sivaramakrishnan, H and Nagarajan, K and Shamala, N and Balaram, P (2003) Stereochemistry of gabapentin and several derivatives: Solid state conformations and solution equilibria. In: Current Science, 85 (7). pp. 1002-1011.

Singh, Kumar S and Babu, Madan M and Balaram, P (2003) Registering alpha-Helices and beta-Strands Using Backbone C-H…O Interactions. In: Proteins: Structure, Function, and Genetics, 51 (2). pp. 167-171.

Parthasarathy, S and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P and Murthy, MRN (2002) Structures of Plasmodium falciparum triosephosphate isomerase complexed to substrate analogues: observation of the catalytic loop in the open conformation in the ligand-bound state. In: Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography, 58 (12). pp. 1992-2000.

Parthasarathy, S and Ravindra, G and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P and Murthy, MRN (2002) Structure of the Plasmodium falciparum Triosephosphate Isomerase-Phosphoglycolate Complex in Two Crystal Forms: Characterization of Catalytic Loop Open and Closed Conformations in the Ligand-Bound State. In: Biochemistry, 41 (44). 13178 -13188.

Babu, Madan M and Singh, Kumar S and Balaram, P (2002) A C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bond stabilized polypeptide chain reversal motif at the C terminus of helices in proteins. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 322 (4). 871-880 .

Babu, Madan M and Singh, Kumar S and Balaram, P (2002) A C–H...O, Hydrogen Bond Stabilized Polypeptide Chain Reversal Motif at the C Terminus of Helices in Proteins. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 322 (4). pp. 871-880.

Shakkottai, VG and Sudha, R and Balaram, P (2002) Gramicidin S: a peptide model for protein glycation and reversal of glycation using nucleophilic amines. In: Journal-of-Peptide-Research, 60 (2). pp. 112-120.

Aravinda, S and Shamala, N and Das, Chittaranjan and Balaram, P (2002) Structural Analysis of Peptide Helices Containing Centrally Positioned Lactic Acid Residues. In: Biopolymers, 64 (5). pp. 255-267.

Maithal, Kapil and Ravindra, Gudihal and Nagaraj, G and Singh, Kumar S and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P (2002) Subunit interface mutation disrupting an aromatic cluster in Plasmodium falciparum triosephosphate isomerase: effect on dimer stability. In: Protein Engineering, 15 (7). pp. 575-584.

Cheung, EY and McCabe, EE and Harris, KDM and Johnston, RL and Tedesco, E and Raja, KMP and Balaram, P (2002) C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bond mediated chain reversal in a peptide containing a \gamma-amino acid residue, determined directly from powder X-ray diffraction data. In: Wiley-Vch Verlag GmbH, 41 (3). pp. 494-496.

Sudha, R and Panda, M and Chandrasekhar, J and Balaram, P (2002) Structural Effects on the Formation of Proton and Alkali Metal Ion Adducts of Apolar, Neutral Peptides: Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry and Ab Initio Theoretical Studies. In: Chemistry - A European Journal, 8 (21). pp. 4980-4991.

Uma, MV and Balaram, P and Sudha, R (2001) Spermidine as a potential biosynthetic precursor to the 1,5-diazabicyclo[4:3:0]nonene residue in the efrapeptins. In: Journal of Peptide Research, 58 (5). pp. 375-379.

Karle, Isabella L and Das, Chittaranjan and Balaram, P (2001) Effects of Hydrogen-Bond Deletion on Peptide Helices: Structural Characterization of Depsipeptides Containing Lactic Acid. In: Biopolymers, 59 (4). pp. 276-289.

Venkatraman, Janani and Aggarwal, Kamna and Balaram, P (2001) Helical peptide models for protein glycation: proximity effects in catalysis of the Amadori rearrangement. In: Chemistry & Biology, 8 (7). pp. 611-625.

Singh, Kumar S and Maithal, Kapil and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P (2001) Synthetic peptides as inactivators of multimeric enzymes: inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum triosephosphate isomerase by interface peptides. In: FEBS Letters, 501 (1). pp. 19-23.

Ray, Soumya S and Singh, Kumar S and Balaram, P (2001) An Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry Investigation of 1-Anilino-8- Naphthalene-Sulfonate (ANS) Binding to Proteins. In: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 12 (4). pp. 428-438.

Das, Chittaranjan and Naganagowda, GA and Karle, Isabella L and Balaram, P (2001) Designed beta-Hairpin Peptides with Defined Tight Turn Stereochemistry. In: Biopolymers, 58 (3). pp. 335-346.

Awasthi, Satish K and Shankaramma, SC and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (2001) Solvent-induced Beta-hairpin to helix conformational transition in a designed peptide. In: Biopolymers, 58 (5). pp. 465-476.

Das, C and Nayak, V and Balaram, P and Raghothama, S (2000) Synthetic protein design: construction of a four-stranded $\beta$-sheet structure and evaluation of its integrity in methanol-water systems. In: Journal of Peptide Research, 56 (5). pp. 307-317.

Ratnaparkhi, Girish S and Awasthi, Satish Kumar and Rani, P and Balaram, P and Varadarajan, R (2000) Structural and thermodynamic consequences of introducing alpha-aminoisobutyric acid in the S peptide of ribonuclease S. In: Protein Engineering, 13 (10). pp. 697-702.

Kaul, Ramesh and Banumathi, S and Velmurugan, D and Rao, Balaji R and Balaram, P (2000) Conformational Choice at alpha,alpha-Di-n-Propylglycine Residues: Helical or Fully Extended Structures? In: Biopolymers, 54 (3). pp. 159-167.

Zhao, Chunxia and Polavarapu, Prasad L and Das, Chittaranjan and Balaram, P (2000) Vibrational Circular Dichroism of beta-Hairpin Peptides. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 122 (34). pp. 8228-8231.

Aravinda, S and Shamala, N and Pramanik, Animesh and Das, Chittaranjan and Balaram, P (2000) An unusual C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bond mediated reversal of polypeptide chain direction in a synthetic peptide helix. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 273 (3). pp. 933-936.

Aravinda, S and Shamala, N and Pramanik, Animesh and Das, Chittaranjan and Balaram, P (2000) An Unusual C–H . . . O Hydrogen Bond Mediated Reversal of Polypeptide Chain Direction in a Synthetic Peptide Helix. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 273 (3). pp. 933-936.

Kaul, R and Balaram, P and Banumathi, S and Velmurugan, D and Ravikumar, K and Rao, Balaji R (2000) Context-dependent conformation of diethylglycine residues in peptides. In: Journal of Peptide Research, 55 (4). pp. 271-278.

Vijayalakshmi, S and Rao, Balaji R and Karle, IL and Balaram, P (2000) Comparison of Helix-Stabilizing Effects of \alpha, \alpha - Dialkyl Glycines with Linear and Cycloalkyl Side Chains. In: Biopolymers, 53 (1). pp. 84-98.

Sunil, A David and Satish, K Awasthi and Balaram, P (2000) The role of polar and facial amphipathic character in determining lipopolysaccharide-binding properties in synthetic cationic peptides. In: Journal of Endotoxin Research, 6 (3). pp. 249-256.

Balaram, P (1999) De novo design: backbone conformational constraints in nucleating helices and beta-hairpins. In: Journal of Peptide Research, 54 (3). pp. 195-199.

Ray, Soumya S and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P (1999) Unusual stability of a multiply nicked form of Plasmodium falciparum triosephosphate isomerase. In: Chemistry and Biology, 6 (9). pp. 625-637.

Bhattacharjya, S and Venkatraman, J and Balaram, P and Kumar, A (1999) Fluoroalcohols as structure modifiers in peptides and proteins: hexafluoroacetone hydrate stabilizes a helical conformation of melittin at low pH. In: Journal of Peptide Research, 54 (2). pp. 100-111.

Datta, Saumen and Uma, Manjappara V and Shamala, N and Balaram, P (1999) Stereochemistry of Schellman Motifs in Peptides: Crystal Structure of a Hexapeptide with a C-Terminus 6 – 1 Hydrogen Bond. In: Biopolymers, 50 (1). pp. 13-22.

Shankaramma, SC and Singh, Kumar S and Sathyamurthy, Aruna and Balaram, P (1999) Insertion of Methylene Units into the Turn Segment of Designed beta-Hairpin Peptides. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 121 (23). pp. 5360-5363.

Velanker, SS and Gokhale, RS and Ray, Soumya S and Gopal, B and Parthasarathy, S and Santi, DV and Balaram, P and Murthy, MRN (1999) Disulfide engineering at the dimer interface of Lactobacillus casei thymidylate synthase: crystal structure of the T155C/E188C/C244T mutant. In: Protein Science, 8 (4). pp. 930-933.

Konnert, J and Karle, J and Karle, IL and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1999) Isomorphous replacement combined with anomalous dispersion in the linear equations: application to a crystal containing four nonapeptide conformers. In: Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography, 55 (2). pp. 448-457.

Gopal, B and Ray, Soumya S and Gokhale, RS and Balaram, H and Murthy, MRN and Balaram, P (1999) Cavity-Creating Mutation at the Dimer Interface of Plasmodium falciparum Triosephosphate Isomerase: Restoration of Stability by Disulfide Cross-Linking of Subunits. In: Biochemistry, 38 (1). pp. 478-486.

Rajesh, S Gokhale and Soumya, S Ray and Hemalatha, Balaram and Balaram, P (1999) Unfolding of Plasmodium falciparum Triosephosphate Isomerase in Urea and Guanidinium Chloride: Evidence for a Novel Disulfide Exchange Reaction in a Covalently Cross-Linked Mutant†. In: Biochemistry, 38 (1). pp. 423-431.

Kaul, Ramesh and Balaram, P (1999) Stereochemical Control of Peptide Folding. In: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 7 (1). pp. 105-117.

Das, Chittaranjan and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1999) A four stranded beta-sheet structure in a designed, synthetic polypeptide. In: Chemical Communications (11). pp. 967-968.

Gunasekaran, K and Gomathi, L and Ramakrishnan, C and Chandrasekhar, J and Balaram, P (1998) Conformational interconversions in peptide beta-turns: analysis of turns in proteins and computational estimates of barriers. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 284 (5). pp. 1505-15016.

Das, Chittaranjan and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1998) A Designed Three Stranded beta-Sheet Peptide as a Multiple beta-Hairpin Model. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 120 (23). pp. 5812-5813.

Raghothama, S and Chaddha, Manjula and Banumathi, S and Ravikumar, Krishnan and Velmurugan, D and Balaram, P (1998) Conformational Interconversions in Peptide beta-Turns: Discrimination Between Enantiomeric Conformations by Chiral Perturbation. In: Biopolymers, 45 (3). pp. 191-202.

Gopal, B and Prasanna, V and Parthasarathy, S and Santi, DV and Balaram, P and Murthy, MRN (1998) Crystals of a thymidylate synthase mutant offer insights into crystal packing and plasticity of protein-protein contacts. In: Current Science, 75 (3). pp. 299-304.

Gunasekaran, K and Nagarajaram, HA and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (1998) Stereochemical Punctuation Marks in Protein Structures: Glycine and Proline Containing Helix Stop Signals. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 275 (5). pp. 917-932.

Banerjee, A and Balaram, P (1997) Stereochemistry of peptides and polypeptides containing omega amino acids. In: Current science, 73 (12). pp. 1067-1077.

Karle, Isabella L and Ramesh, Kaul and Balaji, Rao R and Raghothama, Srinivasarao and Balaram, P (1997) Stereochemical Analysis of Higher α,α-Dialkylglycine Containing Peptides. Characterization of Local Helical Conformations at Dipropylglycine Residues and Observation of a Novel Hydrated Multiple β-Turn Structure in Crystals of a Glycine Rich Peptide. In: Journal of American Chemical Society, 119 (50). pp. 12048-12054.

Bhattacharjya, Surajit and Balaram, P (1997) Effects of Organic Solvents on Protein Structures: Observation of a Structured Helical Core in Hen Egg-White Lysozyme in Aqueous Dimethylsulfoxide. In: Proteins: Structure, Function, and Genetics, 29 (4). pp. 492-507.

Gunasekaran, K and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (1997) Beta-Hairpins in proteins revisited: lessons for de novo design. In: Protein Engineering, 10 (10). pp. 1131-1141.

Datta, Saumen and Shamala, N and Banerjee, Arindam and Pramanik, Animesh and Bhattacharjya, Surajit and Balaram, P (1997) Characterization of Helix Terminating Schellman Motifs in Peptides. Crystal Structure and Nuclear Overhauser Effect Analysis of a Synthetic Heptapeptide Helix. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 119 (39). pp. 9246-9251.

Karle, IL and Pramanik, Animesh and Banerjee, Arindam and Bhattacharjya, Surajit and Balaram, P (1997) \omega-Amino Acids in Peptide Design. Crystal Structures and Solution Conformations of Peptide Helices Containing a \beta-Alanyl-\gamma-Aminobutyryl Segment. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 119 (39). pp. 9087-9095.

Seth, S and Balaram, P and Mathew, MK (1997) Characterization of a 22-residue peptide derived from a designed ion channel. In: Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes, 1328 (2). pp. 177-184.

Subbayya, IN and Ray, SS and Balaram, P and Balaram, H (1997) Metabolic enzymes as potential drug targets in Plasmodium falciparum. In: Indian Journal of Medical Research, 106 . pp. 79-94.

Rajan, Rahul and Awasthi, Satish K and Bhattacharjya, Surajit and Balaram, P (1997) ‘‘Teflon-Coated Peptides’’: Hexafluoroacetone Trihydrate as a Structure Stabilizer for Peptides. In: Biopolymers, 42 (2). pp. 125-128.

Sameer, S Velanker and Soumya, S Ray and Rajesh, S Gokhale and Suma, S and Hemalatha, Balaram and Balaram, P and Murthy, MRN (1997) Triosephosphate isomerase from Plasmodium falciparum:. the crystal structure provides insights into antimalarial drug design. In: Structure, 5 (6). pp. 751-761.

Datta, S and Shamala, N and Banerjee, A and Balaram, P (1997) Hydrogen bonding in peptide helices - Analysis of two independent helices in the crystal structure of a peptide Boc-Val-Ala-Leu-Aib-Val-Ala-Phe-OMe. In: Journal Of Peptide Research, 49 (6). pp. 604-611.

Velanker, Sameer S and Ray, Soumya S and Gokhale, Rajesh S and Suma, S and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P and Murthy, MRN (1997) Triosephosphate isomerase from Plasmodium falciparum: the crystal structure provides insights into antimalarial drug design. In: Structure, 5 (6). pp. 751-761.

Seth, Subbendu and Balaram, P and Mathew, MK (1997) Helix-sheet interconversion in a synthetic pore lining peptide derived from a designed ion channel. In: Current Science, 72 (7). pp. 509-512.

Bhattacharjya, Surajit and David, Sunil A and Mathan, VI and Balaram, P (1997) Polymyxin B Nonapeptide: Conformations in Water and in the Lipopolysaccharide-Bound State Determined by Two-Dimensional NMR and Molecular Dynamics. In: Biopolymers, 41 (3). pp. 251-265.

Datta, Saumen and Shamala, N and Banerjee, Arindam and Balaram, P (1997) Conformational variability of Gly-Gly segments in peptides: A comparison of the crystal structures of an acyclic pentapeptide and an octapeptide. In: Biopolymers, 41 . pp. 331-336.

Banerjee, Arindam and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1997) Peptide design. Helix–helix motifs in synthetic sequences. In: Journal of Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2 (10). pp. 2087-2094.

Datta, Saumen and Kaul, Ramesh and Rao, Balaji R and Shamala, N and Balaram, P (1997) Stereochemistry of linking segments in the design of helix–helix motifs in peptides. Crystallographic comparison of a glycyl–dipropylglycyl–glycyl segment in a tripeptide and a 14-residue peptide. In: Journal of Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2 (9). pp. 1659-1664.

Raghothama, S and Chaddha, M and Balaram, P (1996) NMR Analysis of a Conformational Transition in an Acyclic Peptide. Model System for Studying Helix Unfolding. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry, 100 (50). pp. 19666-19671.

Banerjee, Arindam and Pramanik, Animesh and Bhattacharjya, Surajit and Balaram, P (1996) Omega Amino Acids in Peptide Design: Incorporation into Helices. In: Biopolymers, 39 (6). pp. 769-777.

Gunasekaran, K. and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (1996) Disallowed Ramachandran Conformations of Amino Acid Residues in Protein Structures. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 264 (1). pp. 191-198.

Prasad, Sudhanand and Balaji Rao, R and Bergstrand, Hakan and Lundquist, Britta and Becker, Elmer L and Balaram, P (1996) Conformation-activity correlations for chemotactic tripeptide analogs incorporating dialkyl residues with linear and cyclic alkyl sidechains at position 2. In: International Journal Of Peptide And Protein Research, 48 (04). pp. 312-318.

Banerjee, Arindam and Datta, S and Pramanik, Animesh and Shamala, N and Balaram, P (1996) Heterogeneity and Stability of Helical Conformations in Peptides: Crystallographic and NMR Studies of a Model Heptapeptide. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 118 (40). pp. 9477-9483.

Rajan, Rahul and Balaram, P (1996) A model for the interaction of trifluoroethanol with peptides and proteins. In: International Journal of Peptide And Protein Research, 48 (04). pp. 328-336.

Datta, S and Shamala, N and Gurunath, R and Balaram, P (1996) Observation of a mixed antiparallel and parallel beta-sheet motif in the crystal structure of Boc-Ala-Ile-Aib-OMe. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 48 (3). pp. 209-214.

Karle, IL and Awasthi, SK and Balaram, P (1996) A designed (3-hairpin peptide in crystals. In: Proc Natl Acad Sci Unit States Am, 93 (16). pp. 8189-8193.

Karle, Isabella L and Rao, Balaji R and Kaul, Ramesh and Prasad, Sudhanand and Balaram, P (1996) Peptide Design: Crystal Structure of a Helical Peptide Module Attached to a Potentially Nonhelical Amino Terminal Segment. In: Biopolymers, 39 (1). pp. 75-83.

Karle, Isabella L and Banerjee, Arindam and Bhattacharjya, Surajit and Balaram, P (1996) Solid State and Solution Conformations of a Helical Peptide with a Central Gly-Gly Segment. In: Biopolymers, 38 (4). pp. 515-526.

Agarwalla, Sanjay and Gokhale, Rajesh S and Santi, Daniel V and Balaram, P (1996) Covalent tethering of the dimer interface annuls aggregation in thymidylate synthase. In: Protein Science, 5 (2). pp. 270-277.

Agarwalla, S and Gokhale, RS and Santi, DV and Balaram, P (1996) Covalent tethering of the dimer interface annuls aggregation in thymidylate synthase. In: Protein Science, 5 (2). pp. 270-277.

Karle, IL and Anderson, Flippen JL and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1996) Effects of End Group and Aggregation on Helix Conformation: Crystal Structure of $Ac-(Aib-Val-Ala-Leu)_2-Aib-OMe$. In: Journal of Peptide Science, 2 (2). pp. 106-116.

Awasthi, Satish K and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1995) A Designed beta-Hairpin Peptide. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 216 (1). pp. 375-381.

Gunasekaran, K. and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (1995) Stereochemical analysis of the antigenic tip of the V3 loop peptide of HIV-1 gp120. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 46 (5). pp. 359-365.

David, SA and Mathan, VI and Balaram, P (1995) Interactions of linear dicationic molecules with lipid A: structural requisites for optimal binding affinity. In: Journal of Endotoxin Research, 2 (5). pp. 325-336.

Karle, Isabella L and Gurunath, R and Prasad, Sudhanand and Kaul, Ramesh and Rao, Balaji R and Balaram, P (1995) Peptide Design. Structural Evaluation of Potential Nonhelical Segments Attached to Helical Modules. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 117 (38). pp. 9632-9637.

Sankarapandi, S and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P and Manoharan, PT (1995) Biradicals as ESR Probes of Conformations in Model \beta-turn Peptides. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 213 (2). pp. 439-446.

Gurunath, Ramanathan and Beena, TK and Adiga, PR and Balaram, P (1995) Enhancing peptide antigenicity by helix stabilization. In: FEBS Letters, 361 (2-3). pp. 176-178.

Crisma, M and Valle, G and Toniolo, C and Prasad, S and Rao, RB and Balaram, P (1995) Beta-Turn Conformations In Crystal-Structures Of Model Peptides Containing Alpha,Alpha-Di-N-Propylglycine And Alpha,Alpha-Di-N-Butylglycine. In: Biopolymers, 35 (1). pp. 1-9.

Gurunath, R and Balaram, P (1995) A Nonhelical, Multiple beta-Turn Conformation in a Glycine-Rich Heptapeptide Fragment of Trichogin A IV Containing a Single Central alpha-Aminoisobutyric Acid Residue. In: Biopolymers, 35 (1). pp. 21-29.

David, SA and Balaram, P and Mathan, VI (1995) Characterization of the interaction of lipid A and lipopolysaccharide with human serum albumin: implications for an endotoxin carrier function for albumin. In: Journal of Endotoxin Research, 20 (2). pp. 99-106.

Sudhanand, Prasad and Rao, Balaji R and Balaram, P (1995) Contrasting solution conformations of peptides containing alpha,alpha-dialkylated residues with linear and cyclic side chains. In: Biopolymers, 35 (1). pp. 11-20.

Karle, IL and Flippenanderson, JL and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1994) Hydration and distortion of peptide helices in crystals. α-Helical structure of a dodecapeptide, Boc-(Ala-Leu-Aib)4-OMe. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 44 (5). pp. 491-498.

Karle, Isabella L and Rao, Balaji R and Prasad, Sudhanand and Kaul, Ramesh and Balaram, P (1994) Nonstandard Amino Acids in Conformational Design of Peptides. Helical Structures in Crystals of 5-10 Residue Peptides Containing Dipropylglycine and Dibutylglycine. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 116 (23). pp. 10355-10361.

Balaram , P (1994) Biology and pauling,linus. In: Current science (Bangalore), 67 (5). 409 -410 .

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Gurunath, R and Balaram, P (1994) Facile transition between 310- and alpha-helix: Structures of 8-, 9-, and 10-residue peptides containing the -(Leu-Aib-Ala)2-Phe-Aib- fragment. In: Protein Science, 3 (9). pp. 1547-1555.

Srinivasan, N and Anuradha, VS and Ramakrishnan, C and Sowdhamini, R and Balaram, P (1994) Conformational characteristics of asparaginyl residues in proteins. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 24 (2). pp. 112-122.

Gurunath, R and Balaram, P (1994) Incorporation of a Potentially Helix-Breaking D-Phe-Pro Sequence into the Center of a Right-Handed 16-Residue Peptide Helix. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 202 (1). pp. 241-245.

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Agarwalla, S and Balaram, P (1994) Conformation of the flexible bent helix of Leu1-zervamicin in crystal C and a possible gating action for ion passage. In: Biopolymers, 34 (6). pp. 721-735.

Sunil, A and David, SA and Bethany, Bechtel and Cariappa, Annaiah and Mathan, VI and Balaram, P (1994) Interaction of cationic amphiphilic drugs with lipid A: Implications for development of endotoxin antagonists. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Lipids and Lipid Metabolism, 1212 (2). pp. 167-175.

Schellenberger, U and Balaram, P and Francis, VSNK and Shoichet, BK and Santi, Daniel V (1994) Partial Restoration of Activity to Lactobacillus casei Thymidylate Synthase following Inactivation by Domain Deletion. In: Biochemistry, 33 (18). pp. 5623-5629.

Prasad, S and Mitra, S and Subramanian, E and Velmurugan, D and Rao, RB and Balaram, P (1994) Coexistence of Folded and Extended Conformations of a Tripeptide Containing alpha,alpha-Di-n-propylglycine in Crystals. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 198 (2). pp. 424-430.

Aparna, K and Balaram, P and Krishnamurthy, SS and Nethaji, M (1994) Peptide-lanthanide interactions. Crystal structure of a europium(III)-triglycine complex. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 43 (1). pp. 19-22.

Aparna, K and Krishnamurthy, SS and Nethaji, M and Balaram, P (1994) Amino acid-lanthanide interactions. Crystal structures of lanthanide complexes of Alpha-amino isobutyric acid (Aib), [La2(Aib)4(H2O)8](ClO4)6 and [Pr2(Aib)4(H2O)8]Cl6·H2O. In: Polyhedron, 13 (21). pp. 2993-2997.

Sowdhamini, R and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (1993) Modelling multiple disulphide loop containing polypeptides by random conformation generation. The test cases of α-conotoxin GI and edothelin I. In: Protein Engineering, 6 (8). pp. 873-882.

Karle, IL and Flippen-Anderson, JL and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1993) Peptide mimics for structural features in proteins. Crystal structures of three heptapeptide helices with a C-terminal 6-->1 hydrogen bond. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 42 (5). pp. 401-410.

Uma, K and Kishore, R and Balaram, P (1993) Stereochemical Constraints in Peptide Design: Analysis of the Influence of a Disulfide Bridge and an \alpha-Aminoisobutyryl Residue on the Conformation of a Hexapeptide. In: Biopolymers, 33 (6). pp. 865-871.

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1993) Unfolding of an alpha-Helix in Peptide Crystals by Solvation: Conformational Fragility in a Heptapeptide. In: Biopolymers, 33 (5). pp. 827-837.

Nagarajaram, HA and Sowdhamini, R and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (1993) Termination of right handed helices in proteins by residues in left handed helical conformations. In: FEBS Letters, 321 (1). pp. 79-83.

Karle, IL and Flippen-Anderson, JL and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1993) Accommodation of a D-Phe Residue into a Right-Handed 310-Helix: Structure of Boc-D-Phe- ( Aib)4-Gly-L-Leu-(Aib)2-OMe, an Analogue of the Amino Terminal Segment of Antiamoebins and Emerimicins. In: Biopolymers, 33 (3). pp. 401-407.

Sansom, MS and Balaram, P and Karle, IL (1993) Ion channel formation by zervamicin-IIB. A molecular modelling study. In: European Biophysics Journal, 21 (6). 369 -383.

David, SA and Balaram, P and Mathan, VI (1993) Interaction of basic amphiphilic polypeptide antimicrobials, Gramicidin S, Tyrocidin and Efrapeptin, with endotoxic lipid A. In: Medical Microbiology Letters, 2 (1). pp. 42-47.

David, SA and Balasubramanian, KA and Mathan, VI and Balaram, P (1992) Analysis of the binding of polymyxin B to endotoxic lipid A and core glycolipid using a fluorescent displacement probe. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA), 1165 (2). pp. 147-152.

Bardi, R and Piazzesi, AM and Crisma, M and Toniolo, C and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1992) Structure of N-tert-butyloxycarbonyl-[alpha]-aminoisobutyryl-DL-pipecolyl-[alpha]-aminoisobutyric acid methyl ester. In: Acta Crystallographica Section C, 48 . pp. 1645-1648.

Bardi, R and Piazzesi, AM and Crisma, M and Toniolo, C and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1992) Structure of N-tert-butyloxycarbonyl-[alpha]-aminoisobutyryl-DL-pipecolyl-[alpha]-aminoisobutyric acid methyl ester. In: Acta Crystallographica Section C, 48 . pp. 1645-1648.

Bardi, R and Piazzesi, AM and Crisma, M and Toniolo, C and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1992) Structure of N-tert-Butyloxycarbonyl-alpha-aminoisobutyryl-DL-pipecolyl-alpha-aminoisobutyric Acid Methyl Ester. In: Acta Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications, 48 (9). pp. 1645-1648.

Agarwalla, S and Mellor, IR and Sansom, MSP and Karle, IL and Flippen-Anderson, JL and Uma, K and Krishna, K and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1992) Zervamicins, a structurally characterised peptide model for membrane ion channels. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 186 (1). pp. 8-15.

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1992) Helix Packing of Leucine-Rich Peptides: A Parallel Leucine Ladder in the Structure of Boc- Aib-Leu- Aib- Aib-Leu-Leu-Leu- Aib-Leu- Aib-OMe. In: Proteins: Structure, Function, and Genetics, 12 (4). pp. 324-330.

Balaram, P and Krishna, K and Sukumar, M and Mellor, IR and Sansom, Mark SP (1992) The properties of ion channels formed by zervamicins. In: European Biophysics Journal, 21 (2). pp. 117-128.

Sowdhamini, R and Srinivasan, N and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (1992) Orthogonal beta-beta motifs in proteins. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 223 (4). pp. 845-851.

Valle, G and Crisma, M and Toniolo, C and Rao, Sudhanand RB and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1991) Stereochemistry of peptides containing 1-aminocycloheptane-1-carboxylic acid (Ac-c). In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 38 (6). pp. 511-518.

Valle, G and Crisma, M and Toniolo, C and Sudhanand, * and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P and Rao, R Balaji (1991) Stereochemistry of peptides containing 1-aminocycloheptane-1-carboxylic acid (Ac7c). In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 38 (6). pp. 511-518.

Valle, G and Bardi, R and Piazzesi, AM and Crisma, M and Toniolo, C and Cavicchioni, G and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1991) Crystal state conformation of three model monomer units for the beta-bend ribbon structure. In: Biopolymers, 31 (14). pp. 1669-1676.

Isabella, L and Karle, IL and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Sukumar, M and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1991) Modular design of synthetic protein mimics. Crystal structure of two seven-residue helical peptide segments linked by .epsilon.-aminocaproic acid. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 113 (10). 3952 -3956.

Piazzesi, AM and Bardi, R and Crisma, M and Banora, GM and Toniolo, C and Chauhan, VS and Kaur, P and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1991) Conformational restrictions of peptides via backbone modification: Solution and crystal-state analysis of Boc-L-Pro-DZPhe-Gly-NH2. In: Gazzetta Chimica Italiana, 121 (1). pp. 1-7.

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1990) Helix Aggregation in Peptide Crystals: Occurrence of Either All Parallel or Antiparallel Packing Motifs for \alpha-Helices in Polymorphs of Boc-Aib-Ala-leu-Ala-leu-Aib-leu-Ala-leu-Aib-OMe. In: Biopolymers, 29 (14). pp. 1835-1845.

Isabella, L Karle and Judith, L Flippen-Anderson and Uma, K and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1990) Modular design of synthetic protein mimics. Crystal structures, assembly, and hydration of two 15- and 16-residue apolar, leucyl-rich helical peptides. In: Biochemistry, 112 (25). pp. 9350-9356.

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Uma, K and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P (1990) Peptide Design: Influence of a Guest Aib-Pro Segment on the Stereochemistry of an Oligo-Val Sequence-Solution Conformations and Crystal Structure of Boc-(Val)2-Aib-Pro-(Val)3-OMe. In: Biopolymers, 29 (10-11). pp. 1433-1442.

Karle, IL and Flippen-Anderson, JL and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1990) Parallel and antiparallel aggregation of alpha-helices. Crystal structures of two apolar decapeptides X-Trp-Ile-Ala-Aib-Ile-Val-Aib-Leu-Aib-Pro-OMe (X = Boc, Ac). In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 35 (6). pp. 518-526.

Balaram, H and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1990) Synthetic Peptide Models for Protein Secondary Structures - Beta-Sheet Formation in Acylic Cystine Peptides. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 35 (6). 495-500 .

Balaram, P (1990) Fundamental scientific research. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 59 (1). p. 64.

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1990) Apolar Peptide Models for Conformational Heterogeneity, Hydration, and Packing of Polypeptide Helices: Crystal Structure of Hepta- and Octapeptides Containing \alpha-Aminoisobutyric Acid. In: Proteins: Structure, Function, and Genetics, 7 (1). pp. 62-73.

Srinivasan, N and Sowdhamini, R and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (1990) Conformations of disulfide bridges in proteins. In: International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research, 36 (2). pp. 147-155.

Krishna, K and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1990) Structural chemistry and membrane modifying activity of the fungal polypeptides zervamicins, antiamoebins and efrapeptins. In: Pure and Applied Chemistry, 62 (7). pp. 1417-1420.

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1990) Synthetic Peptide Helices in Crystals: Structure and Antiparallel and Skewed Packing Motifs for \alpha-Helices in Two Isomeric Decapeptides. In: Biopolymers, 30 (7-8). pp. 719-731.

Uma, K and Balaram, P (1989) Peptide Design - An Analysis Of Studies Using Alpha-Aminoisobutyric-Acid (Aib) And Z-Alpha,Beta Dehydrophenylalanine (Delta-Z-Phe). In: Indian Journal of Chemistry - Section B: Organic and Medicinal Chemistry, 28 (9). pp. 705-710.

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1989) Modular Design of Synthetic Protein Mimics. Characterization of the Helical Conformation of a 13-Residue Peptide in Crystals. In: Biochemistry, 28 (16). pp. 6696-6701.

Sowdhamini, R and Srinivasan, N and Shoichet, Brian and Santi, Daniel V and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (1989) Stereochemical modeling of disulfide bridges. Criteria for introduction into proteins by site-directed mutagenesis. In: Protein Engineering, 3 (2). pp. 95-103.

Moretto, V and Crisma, M and Bonora, GM and Toniolo, C and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P (1989) Comparison of the Effect of Five Guest Residues on the \beta-Sheet Conformation of Host ${(L-Val)}_n$ Oligopeptides. In: Macromolecules, 22 (7). pp. 2939-2944.

Karle, IL and Anderson, Flippen JL and Kishore, R and Balaram, P (1989) Cystine peptides Antiparallel β-sheet conformation of the cyclic biscystine peptide [Boc-Cys-Ala-Cys-NHCH3]2. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 34 (1). pp. 37-41.

Uma, K and Balaram, P and Kaur, Paramjeet and Kumar Sharma, Ashwani and Chauhan, VS (1989) Conformations of peptides containing Z-alpha,beta-dehydroleucine (delta ZLeu). A comparison of Boc-Pro-delta ZLeu-Gly-NHEt and Boc-Pro-delta ZPhe-Gly-NHEt. In: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 11 (3). pp. 169-171.

Chauhan, VS and Uma, K and Kaur, Paramjeet and Balaram, P (1989) Conformations of dehydrophenylalanine containing peptides: nmr studies of an acyclic hexapeptide with two delta Z-Phe residues. In: Biopolymers, 28 (3). pp. 763-771.

Karle, IL and Flippen-Anderson, JL and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1989) Solvated Helical Backbones: X-Ray Diffraction Study of Boc-Ala-Leu-Aib-Ala-Leu-Aib-Ome.$H_2O$. In: Biopolymers, 28 (3). pp. 773-781.

Kaur, Paramjeet and Uma, K and Balaram, P and Chauhan, VS (1989) Synthetic and conformational studies on dehydrophenylalanine containing model peptides. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 33 (2). 103 -109 .

Raghothama, S and Ramakrishnan, C and Balasubramanian, D and Balaram, P (1989) Conformational Analysis of Cyclolinopeptide A, a Cyclic Nonapeptide: Nuclear Overhauser Effect and Energy Minimization Studies. In: Biopolymers, 28 . pp. 573-588.

Chauhan, VS and Uma, K and Kaur, Paramjeet and Balaram, P (1989) Conformations of dehydrophenylalanine containing peptides: nmr studies of an acyclic hexapeptide with two z-Phe residues. In: Biopolymers, 28 (3). pp. 763-771.

Das , MK and Krishna, K and Balaram, P (1988) Membrane Modifying Activity Of 4 Peptide Components Of Antiamebin, A Microheterogeneous Fungal Antibiotic. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 25 (6). pp. 560-565.

Bardi, R and Piazzesi, AM and Toniolo, C and Sen, N and Balaram, H and Balaram, P (1988) Structures of Pivaloyl-L-prolyl-N-methyl-D- phenylalaninamide and Pivaloyl-L-prolyl-N-methyl-D-valinamide. In: Acta Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications, 44 (11). pp. 1972-1976.

Chandrasekhar, K and Das, Manoj K and Kumar, Anil and Balaram, P (1988) Molecular conformation of alamethicin in dimethylsulfoxide solution A two-dimensional n.m.r. study. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 32 (3). pp. 167-174.

Kishore, R and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1988) Synthetic peptide models for the redox-active disulfide loop of glutaredoxin. Conformational studies. In: Biochemistry, 27 (7). pp. 2462-2471.

Raj, Antony P and Das, Manoj K and Balaram, P (1988) Conformations and Mitochondrial Uncoupling Activity of Synthetic Emerimicin Fragments. In: Biopolymers, 27 (4). pp. 683-701.

Chauhan, VS and Kaur, Paramjeet and Sen, Nirupa and Uma, K and Jacob, Jose and Balaram, P (1988) Conformational Analysis of an Active Chemotactic Peptide Analog Containing Z-dehydrophbnylalanine at Position 3. In: Tetrahedron, 44 (8). pp. 2359-2366.

Karle, IL and Flippenanderson, JL and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1987) Apolar Helical Peptides Mimicking Amphiphilic Helices By Hydration Of Backbone - Crystal-Structure Results. In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, 35 (4). 371 -371.

Ramakrishnan, C and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1987) Nuclear overhauser effects as probes of peptide structure. A diagnostic for left-handed helical conformations. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 149 (3). pp. 953-959.

Purana, Kasturi Lahiri and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1987) A H-1-NMR STUDY OF BILIRUBIN IX-ALPHA SOLUBILIZATION BY CHOLATE MICELLES - APPLICATION OF NUCLEAR OVERHAUSER EFFECTS. In: Biochimica et Biophysics Acta, 922 (1). pp. 67-77.

Puranam, Kasturi Lahiri and Balaram, P (1987) Spectroscopic studies on the interaction of bilirubin with symmetrical alkyl diamines. In: Journal of Biosciences, 11 (1-4). pp. 485-493.

Kishore, R and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1987) Cystine peptides. Spectroscopic studies on the conformations of a cyclic pentapeptide disulfide. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 29 (3). pp. 381-391.

Kishore, R and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1987) Cystine peptides: The intramolecular antiparallel \beta sheet conformation of a 20-membered cyclic peptide disulfide. In: Biopolymers, 26 (6). pp. 873-891.

Puranam, Kasturi L and Balaram, P (1987) Solubilization of bilirubin by cholate micelles. Spectroscopic and gel permeation studies. In: Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Chemical Sciences, 98 (5-6). pp. 453-468.

Puranam, Kasturi L and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1987) A proton-NMR study of bilirubin IX\alpha solubilization by cholate micelles: application of nuclear Overhauser effects. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Lipids and Lipid Metabolism, 922 (1). pp. 67-77.

Das, Manoj K and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1986) Membrane channel forming polypeptides. Molecular conformation and mitochondrial uncoupling activity of antiamoebin,an a-aminoisobutyric acid containing peptide. In: Biochemistry, 25 (22). pp. 7110-7117.

Balaram, Hemalatha and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1986) Stereochemistry of \alpha-Aminoisobutyric Acid Peptides in Solution: Conformations of Decapeptides with a Central Triplet of Contiguous L-Amino Acids. In: Biopolymers, 25 (11). pp. 2209-2223.

Bardi, R and Piazzesi, AM and Toniolo, C and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1986) Stereochemistry of Peptides Containing 1-AminocyclopentanecarboxylicA cid ( Am5): Solution and Solid-state Conformations of Boc-Acc '-Acc'-NHMe. In: Biopolymers, 25 (9). pp. 1635-1644.

Bardi, R and Piazzesi, AM and Toniolo, C and Sukumar, M and Balaram, P (1986) Stereochemistry of Peptides Containing 1-Aminocyclopentanecarboxylic Acid $({Acc}^5)$ : Solution and Solid-state Conformations of $Boc-{Acc}^5-{Acc}^5-NHMe$. In: Biopolymers, 25 (9). pp. 1635-1644.

Bardi, R and Piazzes, AM and Toniolo, C and Raj, Antony P and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1986) Conformations of the amino aterminal tetrapeptide of emerimicins and antiamoebins in solution and in the solid state. In: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 8 (4). pp. 201-206.

Sampath, DS and Balaram, P (1986) Rapid procedure for the resolution of racemic gossypol. In: Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications (9). pp. 649-650.

Bardi, R and Piazzesi, AM and Toniolo, C and Raj, PA and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1986) Solid state and solution conformation of Boc-L-Met-Aib-L-Phe-OMe. Beta-turn conformation of a sequence related to an active chemotactic peptide analog. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 27 (3). pp. 229-238.

Sahal, Dinkar and Balaram, P (1986) Peptide Models of Electrostatic Interactions in Proteins: $NMR$ Studies on Two \beta - Turn Tetrapeptides Containing $Asp-His$ and $Asp-Lys$ Salt Bridges. In: Biochemistry, 25 (20). pp. 6004-6013.

Kishore, R and Balaram, P (1985) Stabilization of \gamma-Turn Conformations in Peptides by Disulfide Bridging. In: Biopolymers, 24 (11). pp. 2041-2043.

Raj, Antony P and Balaram, P (1985) Conformational Effects on Peptide Aggregation in Organic Solvents: Spectroscopic Studies of Two Chemotactic Tripeptide Analogs. In: Biopolymers, 24 (7). pp. 1131-1146.

Kishore, R and Kumar, A and Balaram, P (1985) Cystine Peptides. The Antiparallel \beta -Sheet Conformation of Two Synthetic Cyclic Bis( cystine peptides). In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 107 (26). pp. 8019-23.

Sukumara, M and Raja, Antony P and Balaram, P and Becker, EL (1985) A Highly Active Chemotactic Peptide Analog Incorporating the Unusual Residue 1-Aminocyclohexanecarboxylic Acid at Position 2. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 128 (1). pp. 339-344.

Suguna, K and Ramakumar, S and Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1985) Structure of cyclo(\alpha- Aminoisobutyryl-L-phenylalanyl-), $C_{13}H_{16}N_2O_2$. In: Acta Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications, 41 (2). pp. 284-286.

Marrleisy, D and Lahiri, K and Balaram, P (1985) Bilirubin binding to polypeptides and chiral amines. Induced circular dichroism and fluorescence studies. In: International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research, 25 (3). 290 -296.

Bardi, R and Piazzesi, AM and Toniolo, C and Sukumar, M and Raj, PA and Balaram, P (1985) Conformations Of Peptides Containing 1-Aminocyclohexane-Carboxylic Acid (Acc6) - Crystal-Structures Of 2 Model Peptides. In: International Journal Of Peptide And Protein Research, 25 (6). pp. 628-639.

Das, MK and Basu, A and Balaram, P (1985) Effects of membrane channel-forming polypeptides on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. A comparison of alamethicin, gramicidin A, melittin and tetraacetyl melittin. In: Biochemistry International, 11 (3). 357 -363.

Francis, AK and Vijayakumar, EKS and Balaram, P and Vijayan, M (1985) A Helical Peptide Containing A Majority Of Valyl Residues - Crystal-Structure Of T-Butyloxycarbonyl-(L-Valyl-Alpha-Aminoisobutyryl)3-L-Valyl Methyl-Ester Monohydrate. In: International Journal Of Peptide And Protein Research, 26 (2). pp. 214-223.

Balaram, P (1985) Proton NMR studies of peptide conformations. In: Proceedings of Indian Academy of Sciences, Chemical Sciences, 95 (1-2). pp. 21-38.

Suguna, K and Ramakumar, S and Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1985) Structure Of Cyclo(-Alpha-Aminoisobutyryl-L-Phenylalanyl-), C13h16n2o2. In: ACTA Crystallographica Section C-Crystal Structure Communications, 41 (Feb). pp. 284-286.

Das, Manoj K and Balaram, P (1984) Interactions of the channel forming peptide alamethicin with artificial and natural membranes. In: Journal of Biosciences, 6 (4). pp. 337-348.

Whaley, Kevin J and Sampatha, DS and Balaram, P (1984) Optically active gossypol as a circular dichroism probe of interactions with serum albumins. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 801 (1). pp. 127-130.

Sampath, DS and Whaley, Kevin J and Balaram, P (1984) A circular dichroism study of (+) gossypol binding to proteins. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 121 (3). 953 -959.

Vijayakumar, EKS and Sudha, TS and Balaram, P (1984) Circular Dichroism Studies of \alpha-Aminoisobutyric Acid-Containing Peptides: Chain Length and Solvent Effects in Alternating Aib-L-Ala and Aib-L-Val Sequences. In: Biopolymers, 23 (5). pp. 877-886.

Balaram, P (1984) Peptides as bioorganic models. In: Journal of Chemical sciences, 93, Nu (4). pp. 703-717.

Iqbal, M and Balaram, P and Showell, HJ and Freer, RJ and Becker, EL (1984) Conformationally constrained chemotactic peptide analogs of high biological activity. In: FEBS Letters, 165 (2). pp. 171-174.

Ranganathan, M and Balaram, P (1984) 13C NMR studies on trifluoroacetyl derivatives of 2-acetamido-2-deoxyhexoses. In: Organic Magnetic Resonance, 22 (11). 717 -719.

Ranganathan, M and Balaram, P (1984) $^{13}C$ NMR studies on trifluoroacetyl derivatives of 2-acetamido-2-deoxyhexoses. In: Organic Magnetic Resonance, 22 (11). pp. 717-719.

Prasad, BV Venkataram and Balaram, H and Balaram, P (1984) Acyclic peptides as conformational models Crystal structure of Boc-Aib-Leu-Pro-NHMe± 2H2O. In: International journal of peptide and protein, 24 (2). pp. 135-140.

Thomas, MA and Rao, BNN and Balaram, P and Kumar, A (1984) Application of two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy for assignment of nmr-spectra of peptides. In: Current science, 53 (5). pp. 225-230.

Kishore, R and Balaram, P (1984) Cyclic biscystine peptides. Models for antiparallel -sheet conformations. In: Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications (12). pp. 778-779.

Vijayakumar, EKS and Balaram, P (1984) Peptide models for the bacteriorhodopsin chromophore. Retinylidene-lysine systems containing aspartic acid and serine residues. In: Photochemistry and Photobiology, 39 (5). pp. 667-672.

Ravi, A and Balaram, P (1984) Stabilization of \beta -Turn Conformations in Pro-X Sequences by Disulphide Bridging. Synthesis and Solution Conformations of Five Cyclic Cystine Peptides. In: Tetrahedron, 40 (13). pp. 2577-2583.

Kishore, R and Balaram, P (1984) Synthesis and conformations of stereochemically restricted analogs of $Leu_5-enkephalinamide$: substitution of a -aminoisobutyric acid and 1-aminocyclopentane-1-carboxylic acid at positions 2 and 3. In: Indian Journal of Chemistry, Sect. B: Organic Chemistry including Medicinal Chemistry, 23 (12). pp. 1137-1144.

Rao, Ch Pulla and Balaram, P and Rao, CNR (1983) $^{13}C-n.m.r.$ studies of the conformational changes in proline oligomers brought about by lithium and calcium salts. In: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 5 (5). pp. 289-295.

Rao, Pulla and Balaram, P and Rao, CNR (1983) Infrared Spectroscopic Study of $C_7$ Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonds in Peptides. In: Biopolymers, 22 (9). pp. 2091-2104.

Vijayakumar, EKS and Balaram, P (1983) Stereochemistry of \alpha-Aminoisobutyric Acid Peptides in Solution: Helical Conformations of Protected Decapeptides with Repeating Aib-L-Ala and Aib-L-Val Sequences. In: Biopolymers, 22 (9). pp. 2133-2140.

Kishore, R and Mathew, MK and Balaram, P (1983) A fluorescent peptide model for the thioredoxin active site. In: FEBS Letters, 159 (1-2). pp. 221-224.

Francis, AK and Iqbal, M and Balaram, P and Vijayan, M (1983) Crystal Structure of Boc-Ala-Aib-Ala-Aib-Aib-Methyl Ester, A Pentapeptide Fragment of the Channel-Forming Ionophore Suzukacillin. In: Biopolymers, 22 (6). pp. 1499-1505.

Ravi, A and Balaram, P (1983) Cyclic Peptide Disulfides Consecutive \beta -Turn Conformation of a Synthetic Model Peptide Corresponding to the Active Site of Thioredoxin. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology, 745 (3). pp. 301-309.

Balaram, Hemalatha and Prasad, Venkataram BV and Balaram, P (1983) Multiple Conformational States of a Pro-Pro Peptide. Solid-State and Solution Conformations of Boc-Aib-Pro-Pro-NHMe. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 105 (12). pp. 4065-4071.

Mathew, MK and Balaram, P (1983) A helix dipole model for alamethicin and related transmembrane channels. In: FEBS Letters, 157 (1). pp. 1-5.

Francis, AK and Iqbal, M and Balaram, P and Vijayan, M (1983) The crystal structure of a $3_{10}$ helical decapeptide containing \alpha-aminoisobutyric acid. In: FEBS Letters, 155 (2). pp. 230-232.

Mathew, MK and Balaram, P (1983) Alamethicin and related membrane channel forming polypeptides. In: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 50 (1). pp. 47-64.

Ravi, A and Prasad, BW and Balaram, P (1983) Cyclic Peptide Disulfides - Solution And Solid-State Conformation Of Boc-Cys-Pro-Aib-Cys-S-S-Bridge-Nhme,A Disulfide-Bridged Peptide Helix. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 105 (1). pp. 105-109.

Rao, Narasinga BN and Kumar, Anil and Balaram, Hemalatha and Ravi, A and Balaram, P (1983) Nuclear Overhauser Effects and circular Dichroism as Probes of \beta.-turn Conformations in Acyclic and Cyclic Peptides with Pro-X Sequences. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 105 (25). pp. 7423-7428.

Vijayakumar, EKS and Balaram, P (1983) Solution Conformations of Penta and Heptapeptides Containing Repetitive \alpha-Aminoisobutyryl-L-Alanyl and \alpha-Aminoisobutyryl-L-Valyl Sequences. In: Tetrahedron, 39 (16). pp. 2725-2731.

Vijayakumar, EKS and Balaram, P (1983) Solution conformations of penta and heptapeptides containing repetitive α-aminoisobutyryl-Image -alanyl and α -aminoisobutyryl-Image -valyl sequences. In: Tetrahedron, 39 (16). pp. 2725-2731.

Sudha, TS and Balaram, P (1983) Stabilization of $\beta$ -turn conformations in enkephalins. $\alpha$ -Aminoisobutyric acid analogs. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 21 (4). pp. 381-388.

Rao, Pulla and Balaram, P (1982) Molecular Structure of t-Butyloxycarbonyl-Leu-Aib-Pro-Val-Aib-Methyl Ester, a Fragment of Alamethicin and Suzukacillin: A $3_{10}$-Helical Pentapeptide. In: Biopolymers, 21 (12). pp. 2461-2472.

Francis, AK and Iqbal, M and Balaram, P and Vijayan, M (1982) Crystal Structure of Boc-Ala-Aib-Ala-Aib-Aib-Methyl ester, A Pentapeptide Fragment of the Channel-Forming Ionophore Suzukacillin. In: Biopolymers, 22 (6). pp. 1499-1505.

Vijayasarathy, S and Balaram, P (1982) Regional differentiation in bull sperm plasma-membranes. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 108 (2). pp. 760-769.

Vijayasarathy, S and Balaram, P (1982) Regional differentiationnext term in previous termbull sperm plasma membranesnext term. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 108 (2). pp. 760-769.

Vijayasarathy, S and Shivaji, S and Balaram, P (1982) Bull sperm plasma and acrosomal membranes: Fluorescence studies of lipid phase fluidity. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 108 (2). pp. 585-591.

Suguna, K and Ramakumar, S and Shamala, N and Prasad, Venkataram BV and Balaram, P (1982) Crystal Structures of Diketopiperazines Containing \alpha-Aminoisobutyric Acid: Cyclo(Aib-Aib) and Cyclo(Aib-L-Ile). In: Biopolymers, 21 (9). pp. 1847-1855.

Iqbal, M and Balaram, P (1982) The helical conformations of 14- and 16-residue fragments of suzukacillin, a membrane channel-forming polypeptide. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA), 706 (2). pp. 179-187.

Iqbal, M and Balaram, P (1982) Aggregation of Apolar Peptides in Organic Solvents. Concentration Dependence of 1H-NMR Parameters for Peptide NH Groups in $3_{10}$ Helical Decapeptide Fragment of Suzukacillin. In: Biopolymers, 21 (7). pp. 1427-1433.

Prasad, Venkataram BV and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P (1982) Type II \beta-Turn Conformation of Pivaloyl-L-Prolyl-\alpha-Aminoisobutyryl-N-Methylamide: Theoretical, Spectroscopic, and X-Ray Studies. In: Biopolymers, 21 (7). pp. 1261-1273.

Francis, AK and Rao, Ch Pulla and Iqbal, M and Nagaraj, R and Vijayan, M and Balaram, P (1982) Helical conformations of three crystalline pentapeptide fragments of suzukacillin, a membrane channel forming polypeptide. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 106 (4). pp. 1240-1247.

Prasad, BV Venkatram and Balaram, P (1982) X-Pro peptides. A theoretical study of the hydrogen bonded conformations of (a-aminoisobutyryl-L -prolyl)n sequences. In: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 4 (2). pp. 99-102.

Kamwaya, ME and Oster, O and Bradaczek, H and Ponnuswamy, MN and Parthasarathy, S and Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1982) Structure of tert-ButyloxycarbonyI-L-alanyI-L-proline Monohydrate (t-Boc-Ala-Pro). In: Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Crystallography and Crystal Chemistry, 38 (1). pp. 172-176.

Iqbal, M and Balaram, P (1982) Aggregation of apolar peptides in organic solvents. Concentration dependence of 1H-nmr parameters for peptide NH groups in 310 helical decapeptide fragment of suzukacillin. In: Biopolymers, 21 (7). 1427 -1433.

Venkatachalapath, YV and Prasad, B V Venkataram and Balaram, P (1982) Conformational analysis of small disulfide loops. Spectroscopic and theoretical studies on a synthetic cyclic tetrapeptide containing cystine. In: Biochemistry, 21 (22). pp. 5502-5509.

Mathew, MK and Nagarajan, R and Balaram, P (1982) Ionophore-mediated transmembrane movement of divalent cations in small unilamellar liposomes: An evaluation of the chlortetracycline fluorescence technique and correlations with black lipid membrane studies. In: Journal of Membrane Biology, 65 (1-2). pp. 13-17.

Prasad, BV Venkataram and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P (1982) Type II beta-turn conformation of pivaloyl-L-prolyl-a-aminoiso-butyryl-N-methylamide: Theoretical, spectroscopic and X-ray studies. In: Biopolymers, 21 (7). pp. 1261-1273.

Prasad, BV Venkataram and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, P (1982) Type II beta-turn conformation of pivaloyl-L-prolyl-alpha-aminoisobutyryl-N-methylamide: Theoretical, spectroscopic, and X-ray studies. In: Biopolymers, 27 (7). pp. 1261-1273.

Rao, Ch Pulla and Shamala, N and Nagaraj, R and Rao, CNR and Balaram, P (1981) Hydrophobic channels in crystals of an alpha-aminoisobutyric acid pentapeptide. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 103 (3). pp. 898-904.

Ishizaki, H and Balaram, P and Nagaraj, R and Venkatachalapathi, YV and Tu, AT (1981) Determination of beta-turn conformation by laser Raman spectroscopy. In: Biophysical Journal, 36 (3). pp. 509-517.

Mathew, MK and Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1981) Fluorescent alamethicin fragments A study of membrane activity and aqueous phase aggregation. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, 649 (2). pp. 336-342.

Iqbal, M and Balaram, P (1981) Membrane Channel Forming Polypeptides. 270-MHz Proton Magnetic Resonance Studies of the Aggregation of the 11-21 Fragment of Suzukacillin in Organic Solvents. In: Biochemistry, 20 (25). pp. 7278-7284.

Sudha, TS and Balaram, P (1981) Conformational Flexibility in Enkephalins: Solvent Dependent Transitions in Peptides with Gly-Gly Segments Detected by Circular Dichroism. In: FEBS Letters, 134 (1). pp. 32-36.

Iqbal, M and Balaram, P (1981) The 310 Helical Conformation of the Amino Terminal Decapeptide of Suzukacillin. 270 MHz 'H NMR Evidence for Eight Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonds. In: Journal Of The American Chemical Society, 103 (8). pp. 5548-5552.

Iqbal, M and Balaram, P (1981) Membrane Channel Forming Polypeptides. 270-MHz Hydrogen-1 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies on the Conformation of the 11-21 Fragment of Suzukacillin. In: Biochemistry, 20 (17). pp. 4866-4871.

Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1981) Alamethicin, a Transmembrane Channel. In: Accounts Of Chemical Research, 14 (11). pp. 356-362.

Venkatachalapathi, YV and Nair, CMK and Vijayan, M and Balaram, P (1981) X-Pro Peptides: Solution and Solid-state Conformation of $Benzyloxycarbonyl-{(Aib-Pro)}_2-methyl Ester$, a Type I \beta-Turn. In: Biopolymers, 20 (6). pp. 1123-1136.

Nair, CMK and Nagaraj, R and Ramaprasad, S and Balaram, P and Vijayan, M (1981) Internal Water Bridge and Antiparallel Sheet in the Structure of Benzyloxycarbonyl-L-alanyl-D-phenylalanyl-L-proline Monohydrate. In: Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Crystallography and Crystal Chemistry, 37 (3). pp. 597-601.

Venkatachalapathi, YV and Balaram, P (1981) Temperature Dependence of Peptide NH Chemical Shifts in Benzene: Delineation of Solvent-Shielded and Exposed Amide Protons. In: Biopolymers, 20 (3). pp. 625-628.

Mathew, MK and Nagarajan, R and Balaram, P (1981) Alamethicin and synthetic peptide fragments as uncouplers of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Effect of chain length and change. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 98 (2). pp. 548-555.

Mathew, MK and Ravi, A and Balaram, P (1981) Disulfide luminescence. Emission characteristics of cyclic tetrapeptide disulfides. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 103 (2). pp. 498-504.

Narayanan, R and Balaram, P (1981) Fluorescence And Nmr-Studies Of The Binding Of Cholinergic Fluorescent-Probes To Horse Serum-Cholinesterase. In: International Journal Of Peptide And Protein Research, 17 (2). pp. 170-180.

Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1981) Racemization at proline residues during peptide bond formation : A study of diastereomeric mixtures of synthetic alamethicin fragments by 270 MHz 1H NMR. In: Tetrahedron, 37 (10). pp. 2001-2005.

Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1981) Solution Phase Synthesis of Alamethicin I. In: Tetrahedron, 37 (6). pp. 1263-1270.

Venkatachalapathi, YV and Balaram, P (1981) X-Pro peptides: Synthesis and solution conformation of benzyloxycarbonyl-(Aib-Pro)4methyl ester. Evidence for a novel helical structure. In: Biopolymers, 20 (6). pp. 1137-1145.

Nagaraj, R and Mathew, MK and Balaram, P (1980) Cation Translocating Effects of Alamethicin and its Synthetic Fragments in Lipid Membranes: Influence of peptide chain length and charge. In: FEBS Letters, 121 (2). pp. 365-368.

Khan, MI and Mathew, MK and Balaram, P and Surolia, A (1980) Fluorescence-polarization studies on binding of 4-methylumbelliferyl beta-D-galactopyranoside to Ricinus communis (castor-bean) agglutinin. In: Biochemical Journal, 191 (2). pp. 395-400.

Iqbal, M and Shivaji, S and Vijayasarathy, S and Balaram, P (1980) Synthetic peptides as chemoattractants for bull spermatozoa structure activity correlations. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 96 (1). pp. 235-242.

Narayanan, Revathi and Balaram, P (1980) Synthesis of Homologous Fluorescent Carboxylates and their Application to the Study of Bovine Serum Albumin. In: Bioorganic Chemistry, 9 (3). pp. 352-362.

Narayanan, R and Balaram, P (1980) Flurescent-Probe Studies of Biological-Membranes and Model Systems. In: Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 39 (8). pp. 441-452.

Vijayasarathy, S and Shivaji, S and Iqbal, M and Balaram, P (1980) Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe Induces Chemotaxis and Acrosomal Enzyme Release in Bull Sperm. In: FEBS Letters, 115 (2). pp. 178-180.

Mathew, MK and Balaram, P (1980) Unmasking of Tyrosyl Fluorescence in Serum Albumins on Bilirubin Binding. In: FEBS Letters, 115 (1). pp. 91-94.

Vijayasarathy, S and Shivaji, S and Balaram, P (1980) Plasma Membrane Bound ${Ca}^{2+}$-ATPase Activity in Bull Sperm. In: FEBS Letters, 114 (1). pp. 45-47.

Narayanan, R and Paul, R and Balaram, P (1980) Fluorescent Probe Studies of Mixed Micelles of Phospholipids and Bile Salts: Effect of Cholesterol Incorporation. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Biomembranes, 597 (1). pp. 70-82.

Rao, C Pulla and Nagaraj, R and Rao, CNR and Balaram, P (1980) Infrared studies on the conformation of synthetic alamethicin fragments and model peptides containing .alpha.-aminoisobutyric acid. In: Biochemistry, 19 (3). pp. 425-431.

Prasad, Venkataram BV and Shamala, N and Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1980) The Crystal Structure of Benzyloxycarbonyl-${(\alpha-aminoisobutyryl)}_2$-L-Alanyl Methyl Ester. In: Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Crystallography and Crystal Chemistry, 36 (1). pp. 107-110.

Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1980) Membrane modifying linear polypeptide antibiotics. In: Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy . pp. 199-218.

Mathew, MK and Balaram, P (1980) A Reinvestigation of Chlortetracycline Fluorescence: Effect of pH, Metal Ions, and Environment. In: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 13 (4). pp. 339-346.

Nagaraj, R and Venkatachalapathi, YV and Balaram, P (1980) Rotational isomerism about the Ca-CO bond in proline derivatives. 1H and 13C NMR studies of benzyloxycarbonyl-Pro-N-methylamide and pivaloyl-Pro-N-methylamide. In: Journal of Peptide Research, 16 (4). 291 -298.

Ranganathan, M and Balaram, P (1980) Trifluoroacetic Anhydride. A Convenient NMR Solvent for Carbohydrates. 270 MHz 1H NMR Studies of 2-Acetamido-2-Deoxyhexoses. In: Organic Magentic Resonance, 13 (3). pp. 220-223.

Paul, Ranajit and Mathew, MK and Narayanan, R and Balaram, P (1979) Fluorescent probe and NMR studies of the aggregation of bile salts in aqueous solution. In: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, 25 (4). pp. 345-356.

Nagaraj, R and Sudha, TS and Shivaji, S and Balaram, P (1979) Enkephalin Analogs. Introduction of Stereochemical Constraints, Metal Binding Sites and Fluorescent Groups. In: FEBS Letters, 106 (2). pp. 271-274.

Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1979) Fluorescent Hydrophobic Peptide Fragments of Emerimicin. Models for the Study of Peptide Aggregation and Interactions with Lipids and Proteins. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 89 (4). pp. 1041-1049.

Prasad, Venkataram BV and Shamala, N and Nagaraj, R and Chandrasekaran, R and Balaram, P (1979) Crystal and Molecular Structure of Benzyloxycarbonyl-\alpha-Aminoisobutyryl-L-Prolyl Methylamide: The Observation of an $X_2-{Pro}_3$ Type III \beta-Turn. In: Biopolymers, 18 (7). pp. 1635-1646.

Rao, Pulla and Nagaraj, R and Rao, CNR and Balaram, P (1979) Infrared Spectroscopy as a Probe for the Development of Secondary Structure in the Amino-Terminal Segment of Alamethicin. In: FEBS Letters, 100 (2). pp. 244-248.

Rao, Narasinga BN and Ramakrishnan, C and Balaram, P (1979) Metal binding to pyridoxal derivatives. An NMR study of the interaction of Eu(III) with pyridoxal phosphate and pyridoxamine phosphate. In: Journal of Biosciences, 1 (1). pp. 35-47.

Nagaraj, R and Shamala, N and Balaram, P (1979) Stereochemically Constrained Linear Peptides. Conformations of Peptides Containing \alpha-Aminoisobutyric Acid. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 101 (1). pp. 16-20.

Prasad, BV Venkataram and Shamala, N and Nagaraj, R and Chandrasekaran, R and Balaram, P (1979) The crystal and molecular structure of benzyloxycarbonyl-a-amino-isobutyryl-L-prolyl-methylamide. The observation of an X2-Pro3 Type III b-turn. In: Biopolymers, 18 (7). 1635 -1646.

Venkatachalapathi, YV and Balaram, P (1979) An incipient 310 helix in Piv-Pro-Pro-Ala-NHMe as a model for peptide folding. In: Nature, 281 (5726). pp. 83-84.

Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1978) A stereochemically-constrained enkephalin analog : α-Aminoisobutyryl2 methionine5 enkephalinamide. In: FEBS Letter, 96 (2). pp. 273-276.

Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1978) A Stereochemically-Constrained Enkephalin Analog: $\alpha-{Aminoisobutyryl}^2$ ${methionine}^5$ enkephalinamide. In: FEBS Letters, 96 (2). pp. 273-276.

Narayanan, R and Balaram, P (1978) Homologous Cholinergic Fluorescent Probes. Synthesis and Fluorescence Properties. In: FEBS Letters, 93 (1). pp. 38-42.

Paul, Ranajit and Balaram, P (1978) A fluorescent probe study of the solubilisation of cholesterol by biie salt-phospholipid micelles. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 81 (3). pp. 850-857.

Shamala, Narayanaswamy and Nagaraj, Ramakrishnan and Balaram, P (1978) The 310 helical conformation of a pentapeptide containing a-aminoisobutyric acid (Aib): X-ray crystal structure of Tos-(Aib)5 OMe. In: Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications (22). 996 -997.

Narayanan, R and Balaram, P (1978) Fluorescent probe studies of biomembranes and model systems. The design and use of anionic site reporters. In: Proceedings of the National Symposium on Biomembranes and Model Systems . pp. 53-57.

Rao, DN Ramakrishna and Mahadevan, S and Balaram, P (1978) Structural studies of the hen's egg lipovitellins. NMR and fluorescence investigations. In: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, 22 (2). pp. 105-113.

Ranajit, Paul and Balaram, P (1978) A fluorescent probe study of the solubilisation of cholesterol by biie salt-phospholipid micelles. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 81 (3). pp. 850-857.

Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1978) A stereochemically constrained enkephalin analog. 2-a-aminoiso-butyryl-5-methionine enkephali. In: FEBS Letters, 96 (2). pp. 273-276.

Shamala, N and Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1977) The crystal and molecular structure of the amino terminal tetrapeptide of alamethicin. A novel 310 helical conformation. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 79 (1). pp. 292-298.

Krishnan, KS and Balaram, P (1977) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of the Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Acetylcholine: A Critical Comment. In: Molecular Pharmacology, 13 (4). pp. 621-624.

Das, Manoj K and Vithayathil, Paul J and Balaram, P (1977) Stabilization of Enzyme Structures by Inhibitors: A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of the Effect of Phosphate on the Acid Unfolding of Ribonuclease A. In: International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research, 10 . pp. 9-16.

Ganguly, J and Paul, Ranjit and Ramesha, CS and Balaram, P (1977) Mechanism of cholesterol lowering effects of polyunsaturated fats. In: Proceedings of the 1st FAOB Congress . pp. 105-113.

Shamala, N and Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1977) The crystal and molecular structure of the amino terminal tetra-peptide of alamethicin. A novel 310 helical conformation. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 79 (1). pp. 292-298.

Krishnan, KS and Balaram, P (1976) Mammalian brain plasma membranes: Isolation, enzymatic, and chemical characterization. In: Experimental Cell Research, 101 (2). pp. 299-306.

Krishnan, KS and Balaram, P (1976) A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of The Interaction of Serotonin With Gangliosides. In: FEBS Letters, 63 (2). pp. 313-315.

Krishnan, KS and Balaram, P (1976) Cation Binding to Brain Plasma Membranes. An Evaluation of the Use of Anionic Fluorescent Probes. In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 174 . pp. 420-430.

Krishnan, KS and Balaram, P (1976) Mammalian Brain Plasma Membranes: Isolation, Enzymatic, and Characterization. In: Experimental Cell Research, 101 . pp. 299-306.

Narayan, Revathi and Balaram, P (1976) Synthesis and Fluorescence Properties of a Probe for Membrane Anionic Sites. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 70 (4). pp. 1122-1128.

Krishnan, KS and Balaram, P (1975) Perturbation of lipid structures by fluorescent probes. In: FEBS Letters, 60 (2). pp. 419-422.

Balaram, P and Bothner, AA and Dadok, J (1972) Negative nuclear Overhauser effects as probes of macromolecular structure. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society., 94 (11). pp. 4015-4017.

Balaram, P and Bothner-By, AA and Breslow, E (1972) Localization of tyrosine at the binding site of neurophysin II by negative nuclear Overhauser effects. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 94 (11). p. 4017.

Editorials/Short Communications

Balaram, P (2014) Forward. In: Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, 94 (1).

Balaram, P (2013) Open Access: Tearing Down Barriers. In: CURRENT SCIENCE, 104 (4). pp. 403-404.

Balaram, P (2011) IIT, MIT and the Evolution of Institutions. In: Current Science, 100 (5). pp. 599-600.

Balaram, P (2011) The Gathering Storm: A Case for Science. In: Current Science, 100 (3). pp. 443-444.

Balaram, P (2010) Scientific Publishing: Eroding Trust. In: Curent Science, 98 (2). pp. 5-6.

Karle, I and Gopi, HN and Balaram, P (2003) An almost ideal 19-residue alpha-helix that accommodates three D-residues in the sequence. In: Biopolymers, 71 (3). pp. 317-318.

Balaram, P (1999) Research guides and students. In: Current Science, 76 (3). pp. 261-262.

Balaram, P (1999) Scientific publishing in the third world. In: Indian Academy of Sciences, 76 (2).

Balaram, P (1999) Blue sky research. In: Current Science, 76 (1). pp. 5-6.

Balaram, P and Ramaseshan, S (1995) Wearing Colored Glasses and Sitting on the Fence. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 68 (12). p. 1164.

Balaram, P (1995) Awakening At The Academy. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 68 (3). p. 233.

Balaram, P (1994) Indian science. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 67 (7). 502-503 .

Rajesh, S and Gokhale, RS and Sanjay, Agarwalla and Francis, VS and Santi, DV and Balaram, P (1994) Thermal stabilization of thymidylate synthase by engineering two disulfide bridges across the dimer interface. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 235 (1). pp. 89-94.

Balaram, P (1992) Plant virus structures. A touch of local colour. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 63 (11). p. 655.

Bardi, R and Piazzesi, AM and Crisma, M and Toniolo, C and Balaram, P and Sukumar, M (1992) Crystal structure of (S)-pipecolic acid (2R,3R)-tartrate, C10H17NO8. In: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 202 (1-2). pp. 174-176.

Balaram, P (1991) Bacterial enterotoxins:a structural view. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 61 (7). pp. 437-439.

Balaram, P and Ramaseshan, S (1991) Coming of age in biotechnology. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 60 (9-10). p. 509.

Balaram, P (1990) G. N. Ramachandran and beginnings of structural molecular biology in India. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 59 (17-18). pp. 811-812.

Balaram, P (1990) Historical Note: Robert Koch, Calcutta and the Comma Bacillus. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 59 (13-14). pp. 697-699.

Balaram, P (1990) The Bamboo Plant, Indian Journals and Government Orders. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 59 (7). pp. 348-349.

Balaram, P (1990) The lac repressor and a feeling of déjà vu. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 59 (7). p. 345.

Woodward, RB and Logusch, E and Nambiar, KP and Sakan, K and Ward, DE and Au-Yeung, BW and Balaram, P (1981) Asymmetric total synthesis of erythromycin. 1. Synthesis of an erythronolide A seco acid derivative via asymmetric induction. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 103 (11). pp. 3210-3213.

Woodward, RB and Logusch, E and Nambiar, KP and Sakan, K and Ward, DE and Au-Yeung, BW and Balaram, P (1981) Asymmetric total synthesis of erythromycin. 2. Synthesis of an erythronolide A lactone system. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 103 (11). pp. 3213-3215.

Vijayasarathy, S and Shivaji, S and Balaram, P (1981) Changes In Hamster Sperm Membranes During Epididymal Transit. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 18 (4). p. 96.

Nagaraj, R and Balaram, P (1981) Fluorescence Studies Of Synthetic Hydrophobic Peptide-Fragments Of Alamethicin And Related Polypeptides Aggregation And Lipid Interactions. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 18 (4). p. 96.

Balaram, P (1981) Structural studies on the alamethicin transmembrane channel. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 18 (4). p. 23.

Sudha, TS and Balaram, P (1981) Structure activity relationships of enkephalin analogs. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 18 (4). p. 136.

Shivaji, S and Vijayasarathy, S and Balaram, P (1981) Studies on sperm plasma and acrosomal membranes. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 18 (4). p. 96.

Iqbal, M and Balaram, P (1981) Synthesis and conformational studies of the membrane active peptide antibiotic, suzukacillin. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 18 (4). p. 96.

Venkatachalapathi, YV and Balaram, P (1981) Synthesis and conformational studies on beta-casomorphin - an opiate peptide from casein. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 18 (4). p. 136.

Mathew, MK and Shivaji, S and Balaram, P (1981) Transmembrane calcium fluxes in hamster sperm. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 18 (4). p. 95.

This list was generated on Mon Oct 20 19:14:11 2014 IST.